Burns and scalds can be a cause of major injury to young ones. Children’s skin is highly sensitive and can get burned more easily than an adult’s. Children under the age of four are especially at risk. Injuries such as severe burns and scalds can lead to a prolonged stay at the hospital or skin graft surgery that may take years to complete.
What Should I Do to Burns and Scalds?
When it comes to treating burns and scalds, there are three fundamental approaches:
- Cool the burn. Prevent the heat from spreading and affecting other areas.
- Cover the burn. Limit its exposure to dirt, bacteria, and other harmful agents that can cause an infection.
- Protect the burn. Allow the blister to heal properly by applying the recommended ointment and covering it with a bandage. You can use light gauze to allow the wound to “breathe.” For serious burns, consult your doctor.
How you proceed with treating your child’s burn largely depends on the severity of the case. There are three types of burns, and it is important to identify and treat each one as quickly as possible.
It is characterized by red skin. It is painful, but the skin does not blister. The pain can be compared to a sunburn.
Unlike a first degree burn, blisters can develop. It is very painful since the outer layer of the skin is affected, and a part of the dermis may be damaged as well.
This is the worst kind of burn, characterized by the skin being charred, or taking on a white color. The top two layers of the skin (epidermis and dermis) are irreversibly damaged by the burn.
First Aid for Burns and Scalds
Immediate treatment of first aid is critical when it comes to burns and scalds. Here are the steps on how to apply first aid for burns and scald:
Remove any burning articles of clothing
Immediately douse any burning articles of clothing, and remove from the burned area. If the cloth or substance is stuck to the skin, go to the emergency department.
Soak the area in cool water. Do not use ice.
When applying first aid for burns and scalds, it is crucial to soak the burned area with cold water as soon as possible. Put the affected area under cool running water for as long as necessary. This is done to relieve the pain. Take note that you should not use ice to cool the burn, as this may slow down the healing process. Also, be mindful not to rub any of the burned parts as this can cause blisters to form.
Cover the burn
If you notice that the burn is not oozing, cover the burn with a light gauze or a clean, dry cloth. If it is oozing, use sterile gauze or a clean towel or sheet to cover the burn.