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All About Laparoscopy: When Is This Diagnostic Procedure Used?

All About Laparoscopy: When Is This Diagnostic Procedure Used?

Laparoscopy is a type of surgery also called diagnostic laparoscopy. This surgical diagnostic procedure is used to examine problems you may have in the abdominal area or in a woman’s reproductive system.

This is low-risk and uses a very thin tube called a laparoscope and is minimally invasive that requires only small incisions. A very small camera is attached to the very thin tube to be used, which sends images to a video screen. This allows the surgeon to take a peek inside of a person’s body without major trauma to the patient.

Laparoscopy allows for shorter hospital stays with faster recovery and less pain with smaller scars than traditional open surgery.

What is Laparoscopy for?

This particular procedure is used for people with abdominal symptoms. Laparoscopic surgery may be used to diagnose blockages, unexplained bleeding, infections, tumors, or other growths.

For females, it is used to diagnose and treat health problems like ovarian cysts. These are fluid-filled sacs that form inside or on the ovary. It is also used to check for endometriosis, a condition where tissue that would usually line the uterus then grows outside of it. Other conditions where this procedure is used are pelvic prolapse and fibroids. The former is a condition where reproductive organs drop into or out of the vagina. The latter refers to growths that form inside or outside the uterus.

This procedure may also be used to do away with an ectopic pregnancy, a pregnancy that develops outside the uterus. It can also be used to perform a hysterectomy or removal of the uterus. It may also be needed to aid in tubal ligation, a procedure to prevent pregnancy by blocking a woman’s fallopian tubes.

Why would I need a laparoscopy?

You would need a laparoscopic procedure if you have rigorous and or chronic pain in your abdomen and/or pelvis area, or if you feel a lump in your abdomen. Some laparoscopic surgery can remove some types of cancer, for example, stomach cancer. I

If you are female and have a heavier than normal menstrual period or if you want a surgical form of birth control, this may be recommended.

If you are a woman having trouble getting pregnant, a laparoscopy can also be used to check for blockages in the fallopian tubes and other conditions that may affect fertility.

What happens during a laparoscopy?

Laparoscopic surgery is normally done in a hospital setting or an outpatient clinic. Many laparoscopies are made while the individual is under general anesthesia. It almost guarantees you won’t feel any pain during the surgery. You will be administered the medicine through an intravenous (IV) line or by inhaling gases via a mask. A trained doctor who is an anesthesiologist will give you this pain-relieving medicine.

If you are administered general anesthesia, appropriate medication will be injected into your abdomen to numb the area so you won’t feel any pain.

Once your abdomen is completely numb, your surgeon will then begin to make a small incision just below your belly button.

The laparoscope, a thin tube with a miniature camera attached, will be inserted through the incision.

After the medical procedure is done, small incisions will then be closed up.

You may feel groggy after you wake up from the procedure.

In addition, it is advisable that the individual undergoing the procedure should wear loose-fitting clothes. Your abdomen may feel a little soreness after the surgery.

Are there any risks to the test?

Many people have experienced mild abdominal pain and/or mild discomfort afterward. Serious problems are very uncommon, but they can include bleeding at the incision site and infection

Is laparoscopic surgery safe?

Laparoscopic procedures are as safe as traditional open surgery. At the start of a laparoscopic operation, the laparoscope is introduced through a small incision near the belly button (umbilicus). The surgeon examines the abdomen to establish and see whether the laparoscopic surgery may be safely performed. If there is a great amount of inflammation or if the surgeon sees other factors that prevent a clear view of the organ structures, the surgeon may be required to create a larger incision in order to complete the operation safely.

Any intestinal surgery comes with certain risks such as various complications related to anesthesia and bleeding, or other infectious complications. The dangers of any operation are determined in part by the nature of the particular operation. An individual’s health and a few other medical conditions are also factors that affect the risk of any operation.

Patients should discuss with your surgeon any factors that may attribute to additional personal risk for any operation.

Learn more about Medical Procedures here.


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Laparoscopy, https://medlineplus.gov/lab-tests/laparoscopy/ Accessed July 21, 2021

Laparoscopy, https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/laparoscopy Accessed July 21, 2021

Laparoscopic surgery: What is it?, https://fascrs.org/patients/diseases-and-conditions/a-z/laparoscopic-surgery-what-is-it, Accessed July 21, 2021

Minimally invasive surgery, https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/minimally-invasive-surgery/about/pac-20384771, Accessed July 21, 2021

Laparoscopy, https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/laparoscopy/, Accessed July 21, 2021

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Written by Honey Buenaventura Updated Aug 05, 2021
Fact Checked by Kristel Dacumos-Lagorza