Both medical procedures have their differences and advantages. But first and foremost, before undergoing any of these types of operations, you will need to thoroughly discuss certain issues with your doctors such as your medical history, any medications you may be currently taking, and possible risks and complications of the operation.
Risks and complications
Both an ileostony and colostomy procedure are not without possible complications. Some of the possible complications may include:
- excessive bleeding (hemorrhage)
- allergic reaction to surgical medication, such as anesthesia
- a portion of bowel protruding through the stoma (incisional hernia)
- narrowing of the stoma
- difficulties in passing feces through the stoma and into the bag
- skin complaints caused by contact with feces around the stoma
- kidney stones,
If the stoma is only temporary, a subsequent operation will be needed to reattach the bowel so feces can once again be passed through the anus.
If permanent, the stoma is checked again approximately three weeks later (or when the swelling has already subsided) to make sure it is of appropriate diameter. The person has no voluntary control over the movement of their feces, which is also likely to be thin and watery.