Ostomy surgery is often recommended for patients who reportedly have birth problems, inflammatory bowel disease, incontinence, and other medical conditions that affect the digestive, bowel, and urinary tract. It is also one of the treatments for severe stomach problems or a surgical requirement in eradicating damaged organs. Moreover, some of the patients who receive this kind of surgery usually have had severe abdominal trauma caused by accidents or injuries.
Types of Stoma
All types of stoma are dark pink, and they usually flatten out in the abdomen, but there are cases that it sticks out. These are the three types of stoma characterized by the cause and surgical procedure, and all are connected to a stoma bag afterwards.
A stoma by colostomy is made by pulling out ta piece of the large intestine into the abdominal wall. A stoma bag becomes a repository of the wastes after the surgery. This procedure is for patients with a damaged colon, requiring the removal of a portion of the rectum or the colon itself. Some of the diseases related are cancer, imperforate anus, and Hirschsprung’s disease.
A temporary colostomy is required to let the bowel rest and heal. Removal of colostomy is allowed when the bowel heals. Then, bowel function usually goes back to normal. However, if the bowel is severely affected by the disease, a permanent colostomy will be required.
It is a type of ostomy surgery that lets the urine pass through the stoma to the stoma bag. In this case, the third portion of the small intestine is pulled through the abdominal wall. This procedure is for patients with bladder malfunction or when the bladder needs to be removed. The other conditions that require urostomy are bladder cancer and spinal cord injuries.