Most injuries affecting the face or the head occur during accidents. If you or someone has been involved in an accident and is suffering from a serious face or head injury, it is best to immediately call emergency health services. It is also important to apply the proper first aid for the injuries.
First Aid for Facial Bleeding
- Cover the wound with a piece of cloth.
- Apply steady pressure on the area.
- If the cloth gets soaked, do not remove the cloth. Continue to apply pressure and add more cloth.
First Aid for Broken Tooth
- Clean the area of the injury.
- Apply ice to the area.
- Save the piece of broken tooth so that the tooth can be repaired.
First Aid for Knocked-Out Teeth
- Make sure to find and save the knocked-out tooth. Do not hold it by the root, instead hold it by the crown.
- Rinse the knocked-out tooth with milk or a saline solution, do not rub.
- Make sure the tooth does not dry out. Store it in a container filled with cold milk or saltwater. If both are not available, store it in your mouth in between the cheek and the tooth.
Be wary, however, as storing it inside the mouth may cause accidental ingestion of the tooth
First Aid for Nasal Fracture
- If there is bleeding, apply pressure to the nose with a cloth or gauze.
- Tilt the head down. Do not tilt the head upwards as the pooling of blood to the back of the nose may cause the patient to taste and swallow blood, leading to vomiting.
- Apply ice.
- Avoid blowing the nose.
First Aid for Injuries of the Neck and Head
- Call emergency health services as soon as possible.
- If a person injures their neck or head, avoid moving them without medical assistance.
- Placed rolled shirts or towels on either side of the victim’s head to keep them from moving.
- Keep the victim warm.
- If the victim loses consciousness, make sure to clear the mouth of any possible blockages including the tongue.
First Aid for a Fractured Jaw
- If possible, align the jaws carefully.
- To prevent any movement that may cause more damage, tie a bandage around the jaw and over the head.
- Apply ice to the affected area.
It is important to note that the first-aid procedures provided above are only temporary remedies. In the case of an accident, emergency health services must be contacted right away.
Facial trauma encompasses any injury affecting the forehead, eye socket, nose, cheek, and the upper or lower jaws. These can also put you at risk of head injuries that can lead to more serious facial trauma complications.
In the case of an accident that has caused injury on your face or head, it is best to contact emergency health services immediately.
Learn more about Ear, Nose, and Throat conditions here.