But before we get to the types of hemorrhoids, we first need to understand what hemorrhoids are.
What are hemorrhoids?
When people say hemorrhoids, they usually refer to a painful condition. But hemorrhoids are actually veins located in the anus or rectum. This means that everyone technically has hemorrhoids.
When these veins become swollen or turn into varicose veins, then a person experiences the symptoms usually associated with hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids are also a pretty common condition. In fact, most adults might experience hemorrhoids at one point in their lives. In addition, having chronic constipation or being pregnant can also increase the risk of swollen hemorrhoids.
Types of Hemorrhoids
There are three main types of hemorrhoids: internal, prolapsed, and external hemorrhoids. Below is a detailed description of each.
The pectinate line divides the anus into proximal and distal parts. External hemorrhoids are those below that line.
External hemorrhoids usually feel like hard lumps and can have a bluish tinge. Touching these hemorrhoids are more painful than internal hemorrhoids, as the skin covering it is very sensitive. These types of hemorrhoids usually appear after a person strains too much while they are defecating.
In some cases, blood clots form, causing a lot of pressure on the tissues. As the pressure increases, the pain becomes more severe and constant. When there’s too much pressure, the skin can sometimes break and blood starts to leak.
Defecating with external hemorrhoids can be very painful, and even sitting down or having pressure near the anus can also cause pain.
External hemorrhoids can sometimes go away on their own. However, medication or even surgery might be required in order to treat this type of hemorrhoid.