What Are Some Diabetic Retinopathy Treatments?
Depending on the symptoms, treatment varies according to the severity of the disease.
If you have the advanced type of retinopathy and you get diabetic retinopathy treatment before the retina becomes severely damaged, then you have a good chance of retaining your vision.
Here are some possible diabetic retinopathy treatment options that you may want to consider:
This treatment is frequently the option to treat proliferative retinopathy and, in some cases, macular edema. It entails either shrinking or sealing the abnormal blood vessels.
Eye doctors opt for laser surgery since the new blood vessels are often very weak, thus, causing eye bleeding.
Like any other type of surgical procedure, you may experience some side effects after the treatment. These may include blurry vision, increased sensitivity to light, and even some discomfort.
This refers to a surgical procedure of the vitreous gel (jelly-like substance) that occupies the center of the eye.
In this kind of treatment, the ophthalmologist takes out the vitreous gel and blood from leaking vessels and replaces it with a balanced saline solution. This enables light rays to maintain focus on the retina once more. The ophthalmologist may also remove scar tissue from the retina if there is any.
Certain drugs known as vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors are injected into the eye to treat macular edema. They also help slow down the growth of abnormal retinal vessels and the reduction of fluid buildup.
Moreover, eye doctors would need some topical anesthesia to inject these kinds of drugs. You may experience mild discomfort like burning, tearing, or pain 24 hours after the injection. Some possible side effects also include an increase in eye pressure and infection.
On the flip side, you may need to get these injections again after some time. In some cases, the medication is combined with photocoagulation.