Even though there is a possibility that the floaters will clear on their own, do not ignore them. Without proper treatment, the bleeding may continue or reoccur, which will make the situation worse.
Before seeking treatment, the best first step is to seek professional help to confirm a diagnosis. Diabetic retinopathy is best diagnosed through a comprehensive dilated eye exam.
In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, the doctor may just monitor how your eyes are doing. This is often the case for mild and moderate non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy. The best course of action at this point is to consult your diabetes doctor or endocrinologist about blood-sugar management.
For the advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy, immediate treatment is necessary. Treatment modalities include:
- Injections. The doctor may inject some medication to reverse diabetic retinopathy. If a reversal is not possible, the injection may at least slow down the progression of the disease.
- Laser treatment. You can also undergo a laser treatment to shrink the blood vessels and stop the leakage. This will help stop the swelling of the retina.
- Vitrectomy. When there is vitreous hemorrhage, the doctor may advise the removal of some or all of the vitreous humor. This is also applicable if you have significant scarring. During vitrectomy, the doctor drains the gel-like substance inside the eye, allowing your doctor to clear any lingering blood and to remove scar tissue. The vitreous fluid is then replaced with a substitute fluid.