Peripheral vascular disease
Peripheral vascular disease is another diabetes complication, which targets the blood vessels. When you have diabetes, the blood vessels located in your legs and feet narrow or get blocked due to fat deposits. This reduces the blood flow to your legs and feet.
The cuts and wounds that get infected because of peripheral diabetic neuropathy will not completely heal or not heal at all because of peripheral vascular disease.
When these wounds get infected, it may lead to gangrene and foot ulcers. These two other complications can lead to the amputation of a toe, a foot, or a part of your leg. Amputation happens to prevent infection from spreading to other parts of the body.
Diabetes and foot problems
Anyone can experience foot problems. However, people with diabetes frequently suffer from different foot conditions that may become severe over time.
Here are some foot problems diabetics might experience:
Calluses are layers of skin that have thickened and hardened due to the unequal distribution of weight. You can also develop calluses when wearing tight-fitting shoes. Calluses will start to form when your feet and shoes cause too much friction.
When you have diabetes, calluses tend to develop faster and more frequently on your feet. If calluses are not trimmed regularly, the skin will continue to build-up causing it to crack, leading to open sores or ulcers.
Corns are just like calluses, but they develop more on the bony part of the toes or in between the toes. If not treated immediately, hard skin will continue to pile up, which can cause foot ulcers.
Athlete’s foot is a type of fungal infection, which causes redness, itchiness, dryness, and cracks on the foot. This foot problem is most common in people with diabetes. Athlete’s foot can be treated by using anti-fungal creams and medications. However, if an athlete’s foot is not treated properly, it can become a breeding ground for germs that causes infection.