Is frequent urination a sign of type 2 diabetes? There are different ways to determine whether the urinary frequency is an early sign of type 2 diabetes. One way to make sure if you’re a possible candidate for this chronic disease is to undergo urine tests for diabetes. Here’s what you need to know.
What is frequent urination?
Frequent urination is the need to urinate more often than usual. A person may experience frequent urination during the daytime and even during nighttime (nocturia).
Commonly, frequent urination results from drinking too much liquid or consuming diuretic foods and beverages.
Urination is just a mere way of expelling waste and excess water from the body and is not a usual cause for concern.
However, if you have been experiencing urinary frequency, and it’s been affecting your daily routine, then it might be a warning sign for a more serious condition like type 2 diabetes.
Is frequent urination an early sign of type 2 diabetes?
Frequent urination is one of the most common early signs of type 2 diabetes, aside from extreme thirst and hunger.
When glucose in your blood is abnormally high, the kidneys will work on eliminating through urine.
This results in overproduction of urine (polyuria) and urine frequency.
Frequent urination due to type 2 diabetes does not only eliminate the essential fluids your body needs, but it might also result in dehydration.
How to know if it’s diabetes
There are different ways to determine if your urine frequency is due to diabetes. One way is to check your glucose level at home by using a glucometer.
However, if this device is not on hand, then the best option you have is to monitor your urinary frequency by writing down how many times you urinate in a day.
When it’s time to see a doctor, all you need to do is to present these notes to show them what you’ve been experiencing lately.
After a consultation, your doctor would most likely have you undergo several urine tests for diabetes.
Some of the tests that you might get are urine glucose tests and ketone test.
Urine glucose test
Since excess glucose in your blood is flushed out through urine, a urine glucose test can determine whether a person’s glucose level is higher than normal.
The glucose test is advisable for people with diabetes types 1 or 2. Although this test can monitor high blood sugar, a blood glucose test is still more accurate than a urine glucose test.
A urine glucose test is advisable for people who have been showing early signs of diabetes, such as extreme thirst and frequent urination.
The glucose test can take place at the hospital, or you can purchase a test-kit and do it on your own at home.
Take note that the normal glucose in the urine is 0 to 0.8 mmol/L (millimoles per liter). Anything higher than this might be a sign of diabetes.
A ketone test is a test used to detect the presence of ketone in the urine. The liver is responsible for producing ketones, or chemicals that are produced when there’s an insufficiency of insulin to help convert glucose into energy.
Everyone has ketones in their body, but people with diabetes have more of them. It is usually more common in people who have type 1 diabetes, but those with type 2 diabetes can have them as well.
A ketone test is done using a testing strip and a urine sample. It can also be performed at home or in the hospital.
The result of a ketone test varies from small <20 mg/dL, moderate 30 to 40 mg/dL, to large >80 mg/dL.
It’s important to be aware that abnormally high levels of ketones may lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, a life-threatening complication of diabetes that may result in coma, and even death.
Are urine tests for diabetes enough for diagnosis?
Urine tests are a great way to monitor a person’s blood sugar levels and ketones.
However, the results from urine tests are not enough to come up with a diagnosis right away.
For doctors to provide an accurate diagnosis and prognosis, a patient must undergo other tests like several blood tests and glucose tolerance tests.
Usually, doctors confirms whether a patient has diabetes or not after a blood test.
Is frequent urination a sign of type 2 diabetes? Yes, it can be, but other health conditions might be causing the same problem.
Therefore, if you have been dealing with frequent urination for a while, it is best if you get a consultation right away.
But, if you would like to do tests at home, you must ask a professional before purchasing any over-the-counter kits, so you can get the most accurate results as much as possible.
Once you get your results, the next step to do is to consult with your doctor for a proper diagnosis.
Remember not to self-diagnose and always ask medical advice from a health care professional.
Learn more about Type 2 Diabetes, here.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.