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6 Common Urological Problems and Diseases

6 Common Urological Problems and Diseases

Our urinary system is responsible for filtering blood and creating urine, making it vital to ensuring our overall health. So when any part of it malfunctions, it can lead to certain health conditions. Some common urological problems and diseases can include the following.

Urinary Tract Infection

A urinary tract infection is a bladder infection, which is more common in women because they have shorter urethras than men. Therefore, the bacteria does not have to travel very far to get to the bladder.

Urinary tract infections can actually be a catch-all term because it can refer to an infection anywhere in the urinary tract system: the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys.

Some common symptoms of urinary tract infections include:

  • Persistent need to urinate
  • Burning feeling during urination
  • Frequently urinating, small amounts at a time
  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Blood in urine (cola-colored, bright pink, or red)
  • Pelvic pain (particularly in women)


One of the most common urological problems and diseases is cystitis.

Cystitis refers to the inflammation of the urinary bladder. Typically, the inflammation is caused by a bladder infection.

The symptoms of cystitis are very similar to a urinary tract infection, but some other symptoms can include:

  • Low-grade fever
  • Feeling as if there is pressure being placed on your lower abdomen

urological problems and diseases

Kidney Infection

Another example of common urological problems and diseases are kidney infections.

Typically, if an infection of your urethra or bladder reaches your kidneys, it causes a kidney infection. Kidney infections tend to be more serious than urethra or bladder infections, and require prompt medical attention.

Some symptoms of a kidney infection include:

  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Groin, side, or back pain
  • Frequently urinating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Cloudy or bad-smelling urine
  • Blood or pus in the urine
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Pain or a burning feeling when urinating
  • Feeling the need to pee frequently

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are hard deposits that are made out of salts and minerals.

The stones can move into the ureters, which are the thin tubes that let urine pass. This can create a blockage and cause symptoms, which can include:

  • Sharp, severe pain in your back and side, under the ribcage
  • Period pain that can fluctuate in intensity
  • Burning sensation or pain when urinating
  • Feeling pain radiating to the groin and lower abdomen
  • Brown, red, or pink urine
  • Foul-smelling or cloudy urine
  • Chills and fever (usually if there is an infection)
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Feeling a frequent need to urinate (most likely urinating in small amounts)

Enlarged Prostate

An enlarged prostate occurs when the prostate’s cells slowly multiply, causing the prostate to get bigger. This can lead to certain urological problems and diseases.

The prostate is usually a small gland, and it is normally between the bladder and penis. An enlarged prostate often adds pressure to the urethra and bladder, causing symptoms like:

  • Slow or weak urinary stream
  • Frequent urination
  • Feeling the need to urinate
  • Finding it hard to start urination
  • Urination stream starts, then suddenly stops

Enlarged prostates do not always mean that you have cancer; you would need to check with a doctor, but it is not always a sign of cancer.

Enlarged prostates are very common urological problems and diseases that men older than 50 years old often face.

Despite how it sounds, it may not be dangerous, especially when addressed early and treated accordingly.

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is when you lose control of your bladder. It may not always be that bad; some people may only have a small leak occasionally, typically caused by sneezing or coughing.

However, some people may have a very strong and sudden urge to urinate and may leak immediately if they do not reach a toilet.

Urinary incontinence is usually one of the most common urological problems and diseases in older people, but it is not solely a sign of aging. It can occur in younger people as well.

There are different types of incontinence, and each can cause different symptoms, depending on the situation and type.

  • Stress incontinence: Leaking urine when you lift heavy objects, sneeze, cough, laugh, etc.
  • Functional incontinence: A mental or physical impairment that does not let you get to the toilet quickly (for example: severe arthritis keeps you from unbuttoning your pants fast enough)
  • Overflow incontinence: Experiencing constant or frequent dribbling of urine because the bladder did not completely empty.
  • Urge incontinence: Suddenly needing to urinate then losing the need. It often comes from a minor problem, like an infection, but it could also be a symptom of a more serious condition.
  • Mixed incontinence: Experiencing a mixture of different types of incontinence.

Key Takeaways

When it comes to urological problems and diseases, knowing their symptoms are can help you address problems immediately and prevent them from happening again in the future.

If you suspect that you have any of the aforementioned urological problems and diseases, visit your doctor immediately.

Learn more about urological health, here.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Urinary tract infections (UTI) – Symptoms and Causes https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-tract-infection/symptoms-causes/syc-20353447 Accessed December 28, 2020

Cystitis – Symptoms and Causes https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20371306 Accessed December 28, 2020

Kidney infection – Symptoms and Causes https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kidney-infection/symptoms-causes/syc-20353387 Accessed December 28, 2020

Kidney stones – Symptoms and Causes https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kidney-stones/symptoms-causes/syc-20355755 Accessed December 28, 2020

Benign prostate enlargement https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/prostate-enlargement/#:~:text=If%20the%20prostate%20becomes%20enlarged,a%20frequent%20need%20to%20pee Accessed December 28, 2020

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Written by Kip Soliva Updated Jan 18
Fact Checked by Hello Doctor Medical Panel