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How to Treat Common Urinary Problems

How to Treat Common Urinary Problems

Treatment of urinary problems may vary from antibiotics to home remedies, depending on your condition. Some common conditions include incontinence as well as infections of the urinary tract or bladder, while more severe conditions include kidney disease or kidney stones. Mild urinary problems can be treated at home, but more serious conditions may require medical attention. Your doctor will best be able to provide a treatment plan for you, but you can expect treatment of urinary problems such as the following:

Treatment of Urinary Problems

1. Fluids

We know that drinking water is important for health in general, but it is crucial to your kidney health. Water aids kidneys when the kidneys remove waste from the blood.

One study focusing on 141 girls found that infrequent urination and low fluid intake has a link to recurrent urinary tract infections. While it’s important to note that in this study, poor toilet habits and genital hygiene could have played a role, lack of hydration remains a very likely cause.

So, how much water should you drink? The U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recommends a fluid intake of 11.5 cups for women and 15.5 cups for men. Of course, this will vary based on your health, how physically active you are, and other factors. It would be best to ask your doctor for the exact amount.

Keep in mind that fluids usually refer to water. Certain drinks like sugary juices, soda, and caffeinated drinks may not always be good to your kidneys. The majority or all of your fluid intake should, ideally, be water.

What is Urological Health?

2. Vitamin C

Some doctors may prescribe a vitamin C supplement to help in the treatment of urinary problems. There are studies that suggest vitamin C can prevent the growth of bacteria, thus vitamin C can potentially eliminate infections that are caused by bacteria before they happen.

Another study looks at how vitamin C can prevent urinary tract infections in pregnant women. Researchers found that the pregnant women who took vitamin C supplements had a lower risk of developing an infection while improving their overall health.

Ask your doctor how much vitamin C you should take. Taking 65-90 mg a day might be fine for most healthy people.

Of course, you can also get vitamin C by consuming more fruits and vegetables. For instance, you could get enough vitamin C in one day by eating kiwifruit, grapefruit, oranges, or red peppers.

treatment of urinary problems

3. Probiotics

Probiotics are microorganisms that promote a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut.

One study found that probiotic strains can help prevent urinary tract infections. And while probiotics may not be able to directly treat a urinary problem, they can be helpful in prevention, as well as the improvement of your overall health.

You can easily get probiotics in supplement form. Or you can get them in fermented foods like:

  • yogurt
  • kimchi
  • kombucha
  • kefir

4. Antibiotics

Most urinary tract infections come from bacteria. Many doctors often prescribe antibiotics as a treatment of urinary problems, especially if the condition started from an infection.

While antibiotics are a common treatment for conditions such as urinary tract infections, it is important not to self-medicate. The exact antibiotic you need and how much you should take will depend on your doctor’s advice. Trying to guess the right dosage by yourself will likely not work.

5. Alpha Blockers

A doctor may prescribe alpha blockers as a treatment of urinary problems if their patient has an enlarged prostate.

An alpha blocker does not make the prostate smaller; instead, it relaxes smooth muscle cells found in the prostate and bladder neck.

As a result, there will be less pressure on the urethra when the bladder relaxes. Therefore, it helps urine flow freely.

Around 70% of men who use alpha blockers for enlarged prostates experience a mild to moderate decrease in their symptoms. Results may occur in a few days or weeks, but the effects often fade when they stop taking alpha blockers.

There are various kinds of alpha blockers, and they all work in a similar manner. However, each alpha blocker has different drug interactions and side effects, which your doctor can tell you more about.

6. Lithotripsy

Kidney stones are hard mineral deposits that form inside the kidneys, causing pain and, at times, difficulty passing urine. Some people may be able to pass kidney stones by themselves, but this is not always the case. Larger stones may cause a painful and serious blockage, and prevent the flow of urine.

Lithotripsy addresses that concern. It is a procedure that involves a laser or shock waves that break down stones in the ureter, gallbladder, or kidney.

Whether your doctor uses shock waves or lasers to break down the stones, both procedures are relatively quick. Either procedure takes less than an hour to complete.

Once the stones are broken down into much smaller pieces, you will probably pass them by yourself when you urinate. If the stones are small enough, it’s likely that you will not even feel it.

Treatment of urinary problems are as varied as their causes and the conditions involved. For milder urinary problems, you may treat them at home with simple remedies. However, more serious issues may need medical attention. Always consult your doctor.

Learn more about urological health here.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources
6 Tips to be water wise for healthy kidneys, https://www.kidney.org/content/6-tips-be-water-wise-healthy-kidneys#:~:text=Water%20helps%20the%20kidneys%20remove,this%20delivery%20system%20to%20work, Accessed 28 December, 2020 Behavioral and functional abnormalities linked with recurrent urinary tract infections in girls, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12649544/, Accessed 28 January, 2020 Management of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Healthy Adults,  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3784967/, Accessed 28 December, 2020 Daily intake of 100 mg ascorbic acid as urinary tract infection prophylactic agent during pregnancy, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17611821/, 28 December, 2020 Too much vitamin C: Is it harmful?, https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/expert-answers/vitamin-c/faq-20058030#:~:text=For%20adults%2C%20the%20recommended%20daily,Nausea, Accessed 28 December, 2020 Lactobacillus for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections in women,  https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23433130/, Accessed 28 December, 2020 Urinary tract infections in adults,  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5027397/, Accessed 28 December, 2020
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Written by Ruby Anne Hornillos Updated Feb 12
Fact Checked by Hello Doctor Medical Panel