The Different Skin Types
To understand the different skin types, it’s important to identify the layers of the skin. The outermost layer is called the “epidermis,” and it is mainly responsible for producing new skin cells and shedding older ones.
Beneath the epidermis, the dermis houses the blood vessels and sebaceous glands. The sebaceous glands is one notable part of the dermis, as these glands produce sebum, which play important functions such as keeping the skin moisturized and preventing harmful bacteria from penetrating the deeper layers of the skin. However, an overproduction of sebum can lead to oily skin or acne. When sebaceous glands become clogged, they can form pesky blackheads or whiteheads that can become infected and cause pimples or cystic acne.
The deepest layer of the skin is called the subcutaneous layer which is primarily composed of fat and hair follicles. This layer of the skin is responsible for keeping you warm or protecting the body from serious injuries resulting from falls or trauma.
Identifying your skin type, and what your skin needs is the first step to building an effective skincare routine. In general, there are 4 skin types namely:
Normal Skin. This skin type is characterized by healthy skin. People with normal skin types have relatively blemish-free skin that’s not too oily but also not too dry.
Dry Skin. When the skin does not produce enough sebum, the skin on the face, arms, or other parts of the body can become dull and rough. Dry skin can cause the sebaceous glands to produce too much sebum and lead to acne.
Oily Skin. A person with oily skin can have pores that are very visible, or appear to have shiny skin. Oily skin is caused by excess sebum production, and this can make the skin more prone to blemishes such as acne and comedones.
Combination Skin. If a person is only oily in the chin, forehead, and nose (T-zone) but dry in other areas, then they have what is referred to as combination skin.
Skin Care: Basic Do’s and Don’ts
It may seem intimidating to dive into the world of skin care, especially with all the trendy 10-step routines making their rounds on social media. However, most people don’t need to lather on 10 products to have healthy skin. In skin care, less is actually more. Here are some useful tips for skin care and cleansing: