Emollients cover the skin in a protective layer and reduce water loss, which has a moisturizing effect. They are safe to use and are helpful in reducing itching and scaling.
Topical corticosteroids work by reducing inflammation in the area, slowing the production of skin cells and reducing itching. Some steroids can be very strong and require a prescription from your doctor.
3. Vitamin D Analogues
This skin treatment also has an anti-inflammatory effect, but primarily slows down the growth of skin cells.
4. Calcineurin Inhibitors
These skin treatments reduce the activity of the immune system to control inflammation. Upon initial use, they may cause a burning or itching sensation, but over weeks, this will lessen.
Dithranol has long been used to treat psoriasis to suppress the production of skin cells. It is usually a short-term treatment that is applied in a hospital setting.
Phototherapy is a treatment that uses natural or artificial light to improve a health condition, such as psoriasis, eczema, or vitiligo4. For psoriasis treatment, phototherapy uses two types of light: UVA or UVB.
1. Ultraviolet B (UVB) Phototherapy
UVB light slows down the production of skin cells. It can be an effective treatment for some types of psoriasis that do not respond to topical treatments3.
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