Symptoms of Eczema
Symptoms of this type of dermatitis vary not only where these rashes show up but also on the age of whoever has eczema. In this section, we’ll look into what eczema looks like for babies, children, and adults.
For babies up until two years of age, eczema is likely to show up on the scalp or cheeks. These rashes also have a tendency to bubble up and leak fluid. This itchiness can interfere with sleeping patterns and cause fussiness and rubbing. Make sure that this is avoided as this could lead to skin infections.
For children, from two years old until right before puberty, these rashes are commonly found in the creases of the body. The creases of the elbows or knees or the upper thigh area right under the buttocks are highly susceptible to rubbing against each other. And so, they’re likely to become irritated. Areas like the neck, wrist, and ankle are also susceptible to eczema.
The appearance of the rashes could be bumpy and a shade lighter or darker than the skin tone. They could also thicken or develop into knots that constantly itch through a process called lichenification.
For adults, the rashes could cover much of the body. But similar to kids, they’re more commonly found in the creases of the body. They could also be prominent from the neck up like the neck, face, and the area around the eyes through dry and constantly itchy skin. Compared to children and babies, the rashes could be scalier and lead to even more skin infections due to exposure.
Common causes of eczema are:
Irritants can be found as stripping ingredients in soaps or shampoo and other cleaning products like detergents and disinfectants.
There are also irritants present in food like juices from fruits, juices, meat, and vegetables.
Allergens vary from person-to-person but common ones include dust mites, pets, pollen, mold, and dandruff. Common microbes like staphylococcus aureus, fungi, and viruses could cause itchiness and irritation, and eventually, eczema.
Food like common intolerances such as dairy, eggs, nuts, seeds, soy, and wheat could also trigger eczema.
On top of these irritants, stress and hormones can exacerbate symptoms especially for pregnant people and at certain points of menstruation.
Eczema Treatment and Medications
Eczema is one of the dermatitis conditions that don’t really have a cure. Oftentimes, eczema resolves itself after some time. There are many treatment plans to curb the symptoms and get rid of the pesky splotches.