ICD Frequency at Work
A study from 1990 to 1999 noted that the highest ICD annual incidence rates were found in hairdressers (46.9 per 10 000 workers per year), bakers (23.5 per 10 000 workers per year), and pastry cooks (16.9 per 10 000 workers per year). At the same time, ICD was the main diagnosis of occupational skin disease (OSD) in pastry cooks (76%), cooks (69%), food processing industry workers and butchers (63%), mechanics (60%), and locksmiths, and automobile mechanics (59%).
The results of a questionnaire showed frequent skin contact with detergents (52%), disinfectants (24%), and acidic and alkaline chemicals (24%) in the workplace.
Complications in chronic ICD may result from secondary sensitization to environmental allergens. To treat and prevent ICD, individuals need to identify and avoid irritants. They can also reduce skin contact through the usage of gloves or other similar measures. Avoiding the offending substance usually sees the rash clearing up in two to four weeks.