While these blemishes can go away on their own (popping them out on your own can lead to further infection), retinoid cream can help unclog the pores. Benzoyl peroxide was is also helpful in removing excess bacteria, but can dry the skin.
Pimples or pustules are inflamed, pus-filled bums. The pus contains the infection-causing bacteria, oil, and dead skin cells surrounding the area beneath the skin. Meanwhile, the redness and swelling are a result of your body’s immune system responding to the infection.
It is best to avoid popping the pimples, as it leaves the skin open to more germs and bacteria and can lead to scarring. Acne products with benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can help speed along the healing process.
A.k.a. early pimples, papules are tender, pink bumps that are very small in size. They tend to cluster together. While most cases of papules go away on their own, people with papules can use acne products with benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid to treat mild outbreaks. For more severe outbreaks, it’s best to consult a dermatologist.
Nodules or Nodular Acne
Usually large in size, nodules are swollen bumps deep within the skin. They are naturally painful to touch and can be red or the same color as your skin. This stems from a bacterial infection, and can affect multiple pores. Nodules, in comparison to other acne blemishes, are capable of doing permanent damage to your skin tissue and can cause noticeable acne scars.
Cysts or Cystic Acne
Acne cysts or cystic acne are very large blemishes that usually form when the internal wall of a pore is ruptures. This allows oil and bacteria to spread around your skin and cause an infection. As a result, large, pus-filled cysts form underneath the skin. They can be extremely painful and uncomfortable.