With a wide range of techniques available to prevent pregnancy, the most commonly used are contraceptive pills followed by condoms. However, there are a few people who are not completely aware of different types that help to prevent pregnancy.
Let’s have a look at different types of contraception available until now.
Types of Contraception
Below are the various types of contraception that you must know.
Natural Birth Control Method
Traditionally, people did not have any medication or devices to prevent pregnancy. So some men and women would avoid ejaculating inside the vagina. This method is called ‘Coitus Interruptus’. In this method, a man avoids ejaculating inside the vagina and experiences orgasm outside. This method prevents semen deposition inside the vagina.
Commonly known as ‘the shot’, this contraceptive injection contains progestin and estrogen that help to prevent pregnancy. This birth control injection is called ‘Depo-Provera’ – commonly known as DMPA or Depo Shot. According to doctors, women need to visit a clinic to get this injection. This injection prevents women from releasing an egg. However, although this injection prevents pregnancy, it does not protect against sexually transmitted infections.
Sterilization is a surgery done on both males and females.
- Male Sterilization: Vasectomy is the surgery to sterilise a man. In this method, a surgeon blocks or cuts off the tubes that help ejaculation. According to a survey, this method is 99 per cent effective.
- Female Sterilization: Tubal Ligation is the surgery to sterilise a woman. In this method, the doctor burns, blocks, or cuts the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization. Another female sterilization is ‘Tubal Implant’. This is where a doctor places a coil inside the fallopian tubes. In a few days, the tissues start to grow around, blocking the tubes. According to doctors, female sterilization is 99 per cent effective.
Pharmaceutical Types of Contraception
Pharmaceutical ways range from pills to devices inserted by a doctor to avoid egg fertilisation. However, it is important that you consult a doctor before trying any of these methods.
It is a transdermal patch that releases synthetic progestin and estrogen hormones. Doctors recommend wearing this patch for approximately three weeks, generally on the buttocks or lower abdomen. To allow a smooth menstrual period, doctors suggest avoiding wearing the patch in the fourth week.