Vasectomy is one of the oldest and widely known male birth control methods. Despite it being one of the most effective as compared to other options for male birth control, many men nurture reservations in undergoing vasectomy.
It is a method of surgical sterilization, the results of which are usually permanent, if performed successfully. In certain cases, it can be reversed. However, even after reversal, chances of conception reduce to a great extent. Though, it also depends on the time span since vasectomy was undertaken.
In this surgery, the tubes carrying sperm to the testicles are surgically severed and sealed to make it sterile for conception.
After such a surgery, the sperms do not get released by the testicles and gradually get absorbed by the body. Vasectomy is safe and involves curable side effects like swelling, bruising, and bleeding — like any other surgery. Extreme complications are rare.
However, it prevents pregnancies but does not offer protection from STDs and STIs.
Non-surgical vasectomy is becoming increasingly more popular, thanks to the advanced technological innovations. While the method of surgically sealing the tubes carrying sperms to the testicles, called vas deferens, remains the same, the approach is different.
The scalpel used in the traditional vasectomy is replaced, and instead, an incision is made through the scrotum to create a tiny puncture in the skin with a specialized tool. This tool creates enough space for the surgeon to reach the vas deferens and undertake the surgery. This method does away with stitches that are typical of traditional surgeries. Also, there is reduced bleeding and quicker recovery.
Male Birth Control Shot
Researchers in India have conducted a study on an injectable male birth control shot called RISUG (Reversible Inhibition of Sperm under Guidance).
It is a polymer gel-like substance that renders sperms inactive. It is injected in the vas deferens, the tube that carries sperms to the testicles. This is so that the sperms remain restricted to the testicles and can no longer be released.
A single male birth control shot is believed to remain effective for up to 13 years. The effects can be reversed only on injecting another shot that dissolves the gel. RISUG is being developed as an alternative for males who do not prefer vasectomy.
The research undertaken till date has shown a success rate of more than 97% in preventing conception. However, it is yet to get a go-ahead from the regulatory body in India. Hence, it is yet to be available at drug stores.
Male Birth Control Gel
Yet another male birth control method that is under development, this gel is known as Nestorone-Testosterone (NES/T). It shows great potential in preventing pregnancies. It has been under research for over a decade.
The gel is believed to block gonadotropin hormones and control the production of testosterone in the testicles. This prevents new sperm cells from developing, thus, reducing the sperm count.
A clinical trial conducted in the year 2018 confirmed its ability to reduce sperm production. The male birth control gel is expected to soon be available.
Learn more about male birth control options by consulting a doctor today.
Learn more about Contraception here.
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