This is because it may not be possible to follow every time during sexual intercourse. Besides, despite withdrawing before ejaculation, there is still a risk of some sperms reaching the egg. Using condom is way more effective in preventing pregnancies than withdrawal.
Male birth control pill
A research conducted in March 2018 made a breakthrough with male birth control pills. The pill comprised of dimethandrolone undecanoate (DMAU). The study involved 100 healthy men as participants, who were administered a daily dose of DMAU.
After 28 days, it was observed that their fertility has reduced to almost castration levels. It is an androgen/anabolic steroid/progesterone pill that can be taken once every day to control the secretion of FSH and LH, preventing the development of sperm cells. However, these are being tested for possibilities of adverse effects on other parts of the body like kidney and liver, before they can be approved.
Vasectomy is one of the oldest and widely known male birth control methods. Despite it being one of the most effective as compared to other options for male birth control, many men nurture reservations in undergoing vasectomy.
It is a method of surgical sterilization, the results of which are usually permanent, if performed successfully. In certain cases, it can be reversed. However, even after reversal, chances of conception reduce to a great extent. Though, it also depends on the time span since vasectomy was undertaken.
In this surgery, the tubes carrying sperm to the testicles are surgically severed and sealed to make it sterile for conception.
After such a surgery, the sperms do not get released by the testicles and gradually get absorbed by the body. Vasectomy is safe and involves curable side effects like swelling, bruising, and bleeding – like any other surgery. Extreme complications are rare.
However, it prevents pregnancies but does not offer protection from STDs and STIs.
Non-surgical vasectomy is becoming increasingly more popular, thanks to the advanced technological innovations. While the method of surgically sealing the tubes carrying sperms to the testicles, called vas deferens, remains the same, the approach is different.
The scalpel used in the traditional vasectomy is replaced, and instead, an incision is made through the scrotum to create a tiny puncture in the skin with a specialized tool. This tool creates enough space for the surgeon to reach the vas deferens and undertake the surgery. This method does away with stitches that are typical of traditional surgeries. Also, there is reduced bleeding and quicker recovery.