Chlamydia is one of the most common types of STDs or sexually transmitted diseases. It can easily be treated with antibiotics, but people can still easily get infected with this disease. But how is chlamydia transmitted, and what can people do to prevent this disease?
What is Chlamydia?
A bacteria called chlamydia trachomatis causes the infection. This bacteria primarily affects the mucus membranes of the body, which are usually the urethra, cervix, rectum, throat, and even the eyes.
Most people with chlamydia experience symptoms one to three weeks after infection, depending on where the infection starts.
Here are some of the most common symptoms:
- Discharge coming from the penis or vagina
- A burning sensation when peeing
- Swelling in the testicles for men
- Bleeding in between periods for women
- Conjunctivitis or pink eye
- Pain and bleeding in the rectum
In men, chlamydia can cause inflammation in the epididymis, or the tube in the testicle that carries sperm. This leads to a condition called epididymitis, which can cause infertility.