Who Shouldn’t Get a Pneumo Jab?
Anyone with a severe allergic reaction to pneumococcal vaccines should not get the shot for the second time. Similarly, those with allergies to any vaccine containing diphtheria toxoid, such as DTaP, should not get the PCV-13 vaccine.
If you or your loved one has other known allergies, talk to the doctor. They will discuss with you the ingredients in the vaccine and the possibility of allergic reactions.
Pneumonia Vaccine Types in the Philippines
There are two pneumonia vaccine types in the Philippines: the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV). Refer to the guide below to check their differences:
Currently, we have the PCV-10 and PCV-13; the first offers protection against 10 serotypes, and the latter protects the patient from 13 serotypes.
PCV-10 and PCV-13 are commonly given to children 6 weeks to 5 years old, typically under the age of 2. Usually, it requires 3 primary doses given at least one month apart and then followed by 1 booster dose when the child is 12 to 15 months old or 6 months after the last primary dose.
Adults can also receive PCV-13 after their doctor’s recommendation.
PPV protects us from 23 serotypes of Streptococcus pneumonia. Doctors commonly recommend a single dose of PPV to adults aged 65 and older. However, those with an increased risk of severe pneumococcal illness might need revaccination (typically after at least 5 years).
PPV may also be given to children aged 2 years up and adults younger than 65 if they have underlying health issues that increase their risk of severe pneumococcal infection.
How Can Pneumonia be Prevented?