Community-acquired pneumonia refers to pneumonia that you get outside of the hospital. This is the most common way that people get infected with pneumonia, since pneumonia is a contagious disease.
Bacterial pneumonia is the most common type of pneumonia. This is typically caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, though it can also be caused by other types of bacteria. S. pneumonniae causes strep pneumonia.
Viral pneumonia is pneumonia that’s caused by a viral infection. One of the more prominent examples of this is COVID-19. It’s also possible for a person to be affected by both viral pneumonia as well as bacterial pneumonia at the same time.
When this happens, it’s usually referred to as a pneumococcal coinfection.
Fungal spores, when inhaled, can also be a cause of pneumonia. It develops when fungi travels through the bloodstream, and finds its way to a person’s lungs where it can cause an infection.
In contrast with other types of pneumonia, fungal pneumonia is usually not contagious. Treatment for fungal pneumonia typically involves using anti-fungal therapy.
What Symptoms Should You Watch Out For?
When it comes to pneumonia, here are some important symptoms to watch out for⁶:
- Stiff neck
- Ear pain and discharge
- Sensitivity to light
- Fever and chills
- Chest pain
More serious symptoms of pneumococcal infections include:
- Decreased alertness
- Difficulty breathing
- Severe ear pain
- A headache that doesn’t go away, or progressively gets worse
- Cold, clammy skin
- Shortness of breath
- Very fast heart rate
If you experience any of the symptoms above, don’t hesitate to seek medical attention as soon as possible.