3. Other Congenital Malformations of the Ear
Congenital malformations of the ear are birth defects that affect the size and shape of the ear.
One of these birth anomalies is microtia, which literally means “little ear.” Babies with microtia usually have a normal inner ear, but they lack a part or all of the structures making up the outer ear.
With problems in outer ear development, they may have trouble hearing because no structure funnels the sound.
The most common treatment for microtia is surgery to correct the defect. Some babies may require a hearing aid, too.
4. Cardiovascular System Anomalies
Next on our list of common birth defects in the Philippines is cardiovascular system anomalies. These occur in 38 out of 10,000 live births.
Also called congenital heart disease, this defect has many types. In the 2011 to 2014 data, the most common are congenital malformations of the cardiac septa, which involve the walls that separate the chambers of the heart.
The most common septal defect is ventricular septal defect or VSD, where there is malformation of the wall separating the lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.
The treatment for VSD involves surgery to patch up the abnormal hole in the septum.
5. Digestive System Anomalies
Last on our list is digestive system birth defects. In the Philippines, the most common is cleft palate with cleft lip. This particular anomaly happens in about 22 newborn per 10,000 live births.
The most common treatment for cleft palate with cleft lip (as well as other digestive system anomalies) is surgery to correct the defect.
Based on a report of childbirth in Philippine General Hospital from 2011 to 2014, the most common birth defects are congenital hydrocephalus, other nervous system anomalies, malformations of the ear, cardiovascular system anomalies, and digestive system anomalies, particularly cleft palate with cleft lip.
Learn more about Pregnancy Problems here.