Iron deficiency occurs in around 15% to 25% of all pregnancies. According to research, the risk seems to be about two-fold in cases of moderate or severe anemia. This is enhanced by 10–40% in cases of mild anemia.
Folate or folic acid refers to a water-soluble vitamin that could help avoid neural tube abnormalities during pregnancy. Pregnant women are recommended to take food and supplements containing folate. If you are planning to get pregnant, doctors advise an intake of folate even weeks before the actual pregnancy.
A folic acid-deficient diet can result in a decrease in the number of red blood cells in the body, hence the term deficiency.
Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia
Just like folic acid, vitamin B12 is also a requirement by the body to aid with the generation of red blood cells.
While some women may obtain adequate B-12 in their food, it is plausible that their bodies cannot metabolize the vitamin, still resulting in a shortage.
Are You at Risk of Anemia in Pregnancy?
You are more likely to become anemic while pregnant if you:
- Have two pregnancies within a year of each other
- Are expecting with more than one child (e.g. twins or triplets)
- Are frequently having vomiting experiences as a result of morning sickness
- Have inadequate iron consumption
- Experienced a strong menstrual flow before pregnancy, or when you have cervical and/or placenta problems during pregnancy (as they lead to spotting or bleeding)