What do parents need to know about learning disability vs. intellectual disability? How are they different? Find out here.
Intellectual disability, defined.
Intellectual disability means there are significant limitations when it comes to adaptive behavior and intellectual functioning.
To further explain, adaptive behavior refers to skills we learn through experience and use every day. These skills are divided into three categories:
- Conceptual skills, which we use to manage important affairs such as communication, finances, time, etc.
- Social skills, which refers to our interpersonal capacities, how we handle social responsibilities, or how we solve social problems.
- Practical skills, which we use in our activities of daily living. Examples include our skills to take care of ourselves and our capacities to do our job.
On the other hand, intellectual functioning refers to our general mental capacity. Many of us also call intellectual functioning as intelligence.
One way to measure mental capacity is through Intelligence Quotient (IQ) tests. Experts say that an IQ of 70 to 75 may indicate limited intellectual functioning.
Learning disability, defined.
Now, let’s discuss what a learning disability is. According to experts, someone has a learning disability when they experience weakness in one or more cognitive skills related to learning. For instance, they might have difficulty in learning math or reading and writing.