What Is Acne?
By definition, acne is a skin condition that happens when hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne causes blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples. Although most commonly seen in teenagers, acne actually affects people of all ages.
Acne usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders. These areas have the most sebaceous glands (oil glands) and hair follicles are connected to those oil glands.
Acne can be the cause of emotional distress for people suffering from it. Hormonal changes, individual diet, stress, and certain types of medication can trigger or make acne worse.
What Causes Neonatal Acne?
In contrast, neonatal acne is due mainly to a high rate of sebum excretion. Pathogenic mechanisms like these are normal for newborns. It can also be caused by infant or maternal hormones.
Based on a 2014 study, this condition is no longer considered to be rare. It affects 20% of infants younger than six weeks and is more common in boys. Having neonatal acne may also indicate the development of severe acne in adolescence.
In contrast with infantile acne, which happens in infants after six weeks of age, neonatal acne is not as inflammatory. Therefore, this condition does not require the vigorous therapy that infantile acne does.