Serious oral infections can lead to Ludwig’s Aangina, an infection that begins on the floor of the mouth, behind the tongue. It can cause swelling around the jawline or under the mouth which can then result in difficulties in swallowing or breathing.
If not treated by a medical doctor or an emergency dentist, bacteria causing the swelling can spread from the mouth cavity to the pericardial tissue surrounding the heart.
When the pulp within a tooth becomes irritated and infected, it causes a toothache (pulpitis). If the pulpitis is caused by a dental injury, such as a cavity or a fracture, a dentist may be able to stop the swelling and save the tooth.
In some cases, the inflammation can also be caused by an infection. Pupilitis becomes a dental emergency when the pain is no longer tolerable and can no longer be managed with off-the-counter pain relievers.
An abscessed tooth has a pocket of pus in an area near the root of the tooth which is usually caused by an infection. An abscess can occur in different regions of the tooth for different reasons. A tooth abscess can be very painful and if left untreated, may lead to infection that spreads throughout the body.
Cellulitis affects the skin and soft tissues beneath the skin. Facial cellulitis can be caused by a tooth abscess. This serious condition can cause swelling and when that happens, the infection can spread rapidly throughout the body.
Pericoronitis refers to inflammation and infection of the gum tissue around the wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth refer to the third and final set of molars, which appear during adolescence or early adulthood.