What Causes Dry Mouth and Throat?
There are numerous causes for dry mouth and throat, and they include the following:
The most common cause of dry mouth includes over-the-counter drugs, such as antidepressants, antidiarrheal, antihistamine, and pain medications. Older adults are prescribed these kinds of medications, resulting in numerous complaints about having a dry mouth.
Alcohol and Tobacco
Too much consumption of alcohol and tobacco may contribute to the increase of dry mouth.
Some autoimmune diseases can cause dry mouths, such as Sjogren disease, lupus, arthritis, thyroid disease, and cirrhosis.
Chemotherapy treatments include radiation treatments to the head and neck that may damage the salivary gland. However, dry mouth may be temporary or permanent, depending on the amount of radiation used during the treatment.
History of health conditions
Existing health conditions that may cause dry mouth include dehydration, poorly controlled diabetes, nerve damage from head or neck injury, and HIV/AIDS.
It is a systemic condition that affects any body organ or system. The most common symptoms of Sjogren syndrome are dry mouth and dry eyes. It also causes chronic inflammation that damages the salivary gland.
Complications of Xerostomia
The function of saliva is to keep the moisture in the mouth and throat that protect the lining membrane from microbial infection and mechanical injury. However, the lack of saliva production may lead to severe complications, such as dental diseases, bleeding, and fungal infections. It can also affect the health of the patient through less food consumption and dehydration. Moreover, the chronic discomfort from the symptoms may contribute to stress, depression, or anxiety.