There are two types of glossodynia: primary and secondary. Primary glossodynia is a chronic intraoral condition that often happens in older people. The pain is severe. On the other hand, secondary glossodynia usually happens when there is an underlying medical condition inducing it.
The peculiar thing about this syndrome is that there is no singular test that can identify it. In fact, one way to find out whether you have this syndrome is via ruling out other issues. A general examination by the doctor can confirm that.
Burning mouth syndrome mostly happens in postmenopausal women. It can be triggered by something as simple as a customary visit to the dentist.
Symptoms of Burning Mouth Syndrome
The symptoms of this syndrome are quite defined. Most of the time, it is defined by a peculiar burning sensation or pain in the following areas of the mouth:
- Tip of the tongue
- Inside the lower lip
- Metallic taste when the mouth is dry
These symptoms worsen in the afternoon or in the evening, and the effects are light during the night, almost to the point of no feeling. Burning mouth syndrome symptoms are known to last for years, even though there may be slight improvement due to the body’s inner healing and defense mechanism.
Causes and Risk Factors
As mentioned earlier, there is no particular reason identified for burning mouth syndrome. Most of the time, it is diagnosed by exception, i.e. the doctors conduct tests to rule out other possibilities, and when none occur, it turns out the patient is suffering from the syndrome. That being said, there are a few risk factors that can be identified.
- If you have been suffering from chronic headaches
- Certain nutritional deficiencies such as Vitamins B1, B2, B6, and B 12, along with zinc and folate
- Oral candidiasis can also be one of the reasons
- Allergic contact dermatitis to dental products such as toothpaste and mouthwashes
- Some medications
Mental health conditions such as anxiety and depression induced due to postmenopausal conditions and hormonal imbalance can also trigger this syndrome. Stress indeed plays a huge part in affecting our body adversely.