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Types of Dental Implants: What You Should Consider

Types of Dental Implants: What You Should Consider

A dental implant is a surgical procedure that replaces a missing tooth with a screw-like post, abutment, and artificial replacement tooth. The implants consist of titanium and other materials that are compatible with the human body. The screw-like post will serve as the root, while the abutment is the post-extension that will be connected to the artificial tooth. The artificial replacement tooth has the design and quality that will fit with the original healthy tooth. But what are the types of dental implants available?

Dental implant surgery is considered an effective way to replace missing teeth due to injury and removal. There is a large population of those who choose to have an implant as an alternative for dentures. However, it can also be an option for adolescents, for ages around 16 for girls and ages 18 for boys. The types of dental implants vary depending on the oral health condition of the patient.

Types of Dental Implants

The two main types of dental implants are the following:

  • Endosteal. It is the most commonly used type of implant, where titanium-made screws are planted into jawbones.
  • Subperiosteal. It is an optional type of implant when patients do not have a healthy jawbone or elect not to have bone augmentation. In this procedure, the implant is placed only on or above the jawbone.

However, if the patient has an unhealthy jawbone condition and cannot support implants, the following techniques are available to rebuild the jawbone and restore the jawline.

  • Bone Augmentation. It involves adding bones to restore the jawbones. This will help in strengthening the bone, thus achieving the best results for the implant.
  • Sinus Lift. This technique is also referred to as sinus augmentation or sinus elevation. In this process, a bone will be added underneath the sinus if the natural bone has become worse due to missing upper back teeth.
  • Ridge Expansion. This is for patients with a small jaw that cannot support dental implants, wherein the expansion is through adding bone graft material to the ridge, which is a bone around the teeth roots.

What is the Procedure of Dental Implants?

The procedure for dental implants usually run through three phases:

  • Implant placement. The dentist will place the implant into the jawbone through surgery. During the healing process, the patient will need to follow a diet, eating only soft foods and warm soup.
  • Osseointegration. It is the healing process of the implant. The patient and dentist will wait for the jawbone to grow and hold the implant in place. Usually, it takes three months or more before it completely heals. However, some patients can opt to have both implant and tooth replacement on the same day.
  • Artificial tooth placement. The dentist will provide a custom-made tooth or dentures with the same color, size, appearance as the other teeth. In some cases, dentists prepare a temporary artificial tooth or denture before the actual permanent replacement, as the customization of permanent artificial teeth takes time.

Benefits of Dental Implants

Over the years, the benefits of dental implants outweigh the disadvantages. These are some benefits that may vary from patient to patient:

  • Provide a great look and feel. The artificial tooth and dentures are designed with a realistic appearance, giving the patient a pleasing appearance with natural teeth. It also allows the patient to enjoy eating the food they want, including hard and crunchy foods.
  • Improvement of speech. Teeth help in producing distinct sounds, including speaking. The restoration of teeth will help patients speak more clearly.
  • Better oral health. Unlike traditional dentures, implants cause no gum irritation. Thus, it is a fixed solution that provides comfort. Besides, artificial teeth implants cannot get cavities as they are titanium, more resistant to disease.
  • Lasting durability. Dental implants can last over a decade, only if patients provide proper oral care. Lack of oral care may cause the implants to break and develop an infection.
  • Protect facial bone. Missing teeth may cause jawbone deterioration. Dental implants help in stimulating bone growth and prevents bone loss.
  • It may be a single-tooth implant or a complete set. Dentists can provide a single tooth implant or a full set of denture implants.

Disadvantages of Dental Implants

These are disadvantages of opting for dental implants that the patients may consider:

  • Require surgery. Many people are uncomfortable with the idea of surgery. However, performing implants without surgery can cause another problem.
  • Discomfort after surgery. The actual surgery does not hurt because of the local anesthesia, but the post-surgery may cause the patient to feel uncomfortable.
  • Take several months. The procedure of dental implants usually takes several months. The replacement of the artificial teeth can be done three or four months after osseointegration.

Key Takeaways

Dental implants are the replacement of natural missing teeth with customized artificial teeth. The design and appearance of these artificial teeth are custom-made similar to existing teeth.

Usually, dental implant surgery has no problem with a healthy jawbone. However, some techniques and types of dental implants are available for patients with the deteriorated jawbone. Also, there are a lot of inclined benefits after the surgery.

Learn more about Cosmetic Dentistry here.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Types of implants and techniques, https://www.aaid-implant.org/dental-implants/types-of-implants-and-techniques/,  Accessed Feb 21, 2021

What are dental implants?, https://www.aaid-implant.org/dental-implants/what-are-dental-implants/,  Accessed Feb 21, 2021

Implants, https://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/i/implants Date Accessed February 15, 2021

Implant, https://www.dentalhealth.org/dental-implants Date Accessed February 15, 2021

Dental implant surgery, https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/dental-implant-surgery/about/pac-20384622 Date Accessed February 15, 2021

Who can benefit?, https://www.aaid-implant.org/dental-implants/who-can-benefit/ Date Accessed February 15, 2021

Dental Implants Pros and Cons, https://woodlandhillsdentist.org/what-are-pros-and-cons-of-dental-implants/ Date Accessed February 15, 2021

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Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Shienna Santelices
Updated 2 weeks ago
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