In rare conditions, blockage in the larger veins of the abdomen may exert pressure on the smaller veins of the scrotum. This dilates the veins of the scrotum, leading to a condition of varicocele testis. Blockage of the veins can affect the temperature of the testis. This may affect the production of sperms and testosterone.
Risk and Diagnosis
Teenagers and younger men are usually more susceptible to varicocele of testis.
The diagnostic procedure of varicocele usually follows a combination of medical tests. The following process is usually followed:
The doctor may check the testis and the surrounding areas while the patient is standing, so that the scrotum is in the suspended position. The examination is based on the symptoms that have been explained. This can be done through a physical checkup or through a testicular examination.
The weight, size, and position of the testicle(s) are checked for the presence of inflammation or lumps. The epididymis, the tube through which sperms travel to the testicles, may also be checked for symptoms of tenderness. The spermatic cord may also be evaluated for the presence of inflammation.
The doctor may advise the patient to undertake an ultrasound test to analyze the flow of blood in each of the veins of the scrotum.
Varicocele testis generally does not require treatment as it is usually harmless, unless it is in the advanced stages where it can affect fertility. If required, varicocele treatment options are as follows: