In the United States, this bacterium causes an estimated 1.2 million illnesses, with almost 450 deaths, each year. Salmonella can contaminate any food item, including meat, eggs, cheese, and raw foods. However, salmonella is easily killed by cooking and pasteurization. Salmonella may also spread to pets through pet food.
This virus is common in restaurant food as it easily survives both hot and freezing temperatures. The transmission of this virus may be done directly to other people or through shared utensils or food.
It causes an estimated 1 million illnesses a year. Like Salmonella, Clostridium perfringens can be killed through cooking. However, if the food is not cooked with enough high temperature, the bacteria will still grow.
Cases of illness caused by campylobacter reach 1.3 million a year. Eating raw foods, raw milk, and uncooked poultry food are the common causes of acquiring campylobacter.
Listeria is a name for bacteria found in soil, water, and animals. It is a lethal pathogen which causes more than 250 deaths a year. It also survives in cold temperatures. Getting rid of listeria can be done by cooking and pasteurization of a food item.
Food Poisoning Causes, Symptoms, and Remedies: How to Prevent Food Poisoning
Here are some ways to prevent foodborne illnesses:
Avoid too much consumption of food with a high risk of this bacteria. When eating with other people, avoid sharing utensils and food. It is also important to practice proper hygiene, like washing hands thoroughly before and after eating.
Avoid eating raw eggs, undercooked beef or poultry, and unpasteurized milk. Use separate containers, utensils, and separate refrigerator storage for meats and produce. Before and after preparing food, wash your hands using warm water and soap.
Wash hands for at least 20 seconds before and after preparing food. Make sure that the equipment used for cooking is properly disinfected before and after use. Cook food thoroughly, especially food containing oysters and shellfish.