Rheumatic heart disease causes and risk factors: Strep Throat
Strep throat’s primary symptom would be difficulty in swallowing. This can easily be confused with a sore throat. However, strep throat lasts longer than two days and exhibits as white patches in the mouth. This infection is highly contagious. It directly affects the throat and tonsils, which causes discomfort and pain.
Group A streptococcus tends to thrive in the nose and throat, which is why you can get infected immediately by someone who is carrying this certain bacteria. People may get infected by the droplets released when a carrier coughs, sneezes, or talks.
You can also get infected by touching contaminated surfaces or shared utensils, and transferring the bacteria by touching your nose, mouth, or eyes. Strep throat mostly occurs in children and teens. However, in some cases, adults can contract it too.
If a strep throat is left untreated or undertreated for a certain period, the patient can develop rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever can trigger the body to attack its own tissues, which will then lead to a pervasive inflammation. Rheumatic fever is an autoimmune disease, and can inflame connective tissues in the heart, joints, skin, or brain.
Depending on the severity of the rheumatic fever, it can also cause scarring in the heart, which can lead to a narrowing or leaking of the heart valve. It’s important that people are informed about rheumatic heart disease causes and risk factors in order to take the necessary precautions to avoid strep throat and rheumatic fever.
Rheumatic Heart Disease: All You Need to Know