Coronary artery disease, other heart problems, and previous heart surgery
Any ailment or sickness that involves the heart such as narrowed heart arteries, abnormal heart valves, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, prior heart surgery, and other heart damage may increase your risk of heart arrhythmias.
High blood pressure
High blood pressure or hypertension can increase your risk of developing coronary artery disease and can also cause the walls of your left ventricle to become thick and sticky.
Congenital heart disease
Being born with a heart abnormality can change the rhythm of your heart.
Having an overactive thyroid gland can increase your risk of heart arrhythmias.
If not managed properly, diabetes can lead to coronary artery disease or high blood pressure, which greatly increase the risk of heart arrhythmias. Low blood sugar (related to diabetes treatment) can also trigger arrhythmias in addition to other symptoms: tremor, confusion, or weakness.
Obstructive sleep apnea
If your breathing is interrupted during sleep, you may suffer from atrial fibrillation or bradycardia, which are types of heart arrhythmias.
There are substances in your blood called electrolytes – sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium – that can trigger the electrical impulses in your heart.
If levels run too low or too high, from dietary sources or side effects of medication, your chances of getting heart arrhythmias may increase.
Meanwhile, other types of heart arrhythmias can increase your risk of developing other conditions. This is why understanding heart arrhythmias, causes and risk factors are crucial in preventing more serious conditions that may develop over time.
Heart arrhythmias may increase your risk of the following conditions.
Heart arrhythmias are also linked to an increased risk of blood clots. If a clot dislodges, this may flow from your heart to your brain, causing a stroke.
If you are 65 years old or older, your risk of having heart arrhythmias is greater, especially if you have a pre-existing heart condition.
For treatment, there are certain medications such as blood thinners, which can lower your risk of stroke or damage to your organs due to blood clots. Depending on your type of heart arrhythmias, your doctor can prescribe a blood-thinning medication that can work for you.