Burns require quick treatment by stopping the burning process. This can happen by cooling down the heat by running the affected area under cold water. But remember that ice is not supposed to be applied on burns. The most important step is to stop and remove the cause of the burn.
First aid steps for burns:
- Flush and run the burned area under cool water for several minutes, without ice.
- Apply a light gauze or bandageto prevent further evaporation of the burn wound.
- Refrain from applying ointments, remedies that are oily in nature, or items like butter.
- Give medicines for pain relief like ibuprofen and acetaminophen if required.
- If blisters have formed, refrain from touching or breaking them.
All injuries that involve the extremities should be treated as fractures, while professional medical assessment and care are pending.
First aid steps for fractures:
- Do not attempt to straighten or move the fracture in such a manner.
- Stabilize the limb using padding or a splint (if available) to keep the fractured area immobile. It is best to apply the splint so that it covers the affected limb as well as the joints immediately surrounding it.
- Apply a cold pack on the injured area indirectly. Avoid placing ice directly on the injury.
- Elevate the suspected fracture.
- Provide anti-inflammatory medicine if necessary, examples include naproxen and ibuprofen.
Sprains, sometimes confused with bone injuries, refers to the stretching or tearing of ligaments that connect bones together in the joints. Treatment for a suspected sprain is identical to the treatment of a suspected fracture, given that the symptoms are almost identical.
Choking occurs when an object becomes lodged in a person’s throat or windpipe. This is a serious condition because choking can cut off the air supply to the brain. Most often, when adults choke, it is because of a piece of food.
First aid steps for choking:
- Stand behind the person and wrap your arms around their waist.
- Make a fist with one hand, thumb side pointed back toward yourself.
- Place your fist below the chest but above the navel and grab your fist with the other hand.
- Press up on the abdomen in a sharp motion.
- Repeat the move until the foreign object is ejected.
- Take the patient to the doctor once the blockage is removed, as there may be a possibility that part of the object is still in the lung.
- If the patient is a child, make sure to inform emergency personnel if the child had lost consciousness.
It’s beneficial to learn basic first aid intervention as circumstances may arise in which you may be needed to alleviate pain and prevent further injury. Check out available materials online, but it is highly recommended to get proper training and certification from reputable institutions.