What is a Vasectomy?
A vasectomy is a low-risk surgical procedure that is a form of permanent contraception. It is 99% effective in preventing pregnancies. However it is not instantaneous and would need a few months before it takes permanent effect. It also does not prevent sexually transmitted infections.
After a vasectomy, men are still able to produce sperm cells but these will not be included in the semen. This is because the tube connecting to the testicles is cut. The sperm cells will instead be absorbed by the body.
Common misconceptions about vasectomies include:
- The operation will affect the man’s sexual desire
- It will cause diseases
- The procedure will cause cancer
Vasectomies do not do any of these things.
What Happens During a Vasectomy?
It takes around 20 to 40 minutes to complete a vasectomy. Doctors use local anesthetics to numb the skin of the man’s scrotum. The vas deferens or the tubes that connect the testicle to the urethra are cut and sealed. The process is done so that the sperm created in the testicles remains there and does not travel to the urethra. He is still able to ejaculate but it will not contain any sperm after the operation.
There are 2 types of vasectomy:
In a conventional vasectomy, doctors create incisions to the scrotum to be able to cut and seal the tubes.
In a no-scalpel vasectomy, doctors use a tool that punctures the scrotum instead of creating slits. It makes healing faster and has less bleeding and scarring compared to a conventional vasectomy.