What is dialysis?
When your kidneys are incapable of filtering your blood normally, this artificial treatment is needed to clear your blood of wastes and toxins before those are turned into urine.
When is it needed?
A person usually requires dialysis when they experience kidney failure. Kidney failure is commonly an effect of chronic kidney disease, which causes a gradual failure of your kidney function. Dialysis is needed once this failure disrupts your daily routines or living. By the time this treatment is required, only 10% of your kidney will be functioning.
What happens during dialysis?
This treatment is classified into 2 types.
The first is Hemodialysis, which is one method of treating advanced kidney failure.
This requires the use of a dialyser, or an artificial kidney. Blood is removed through a needle on your arm or leg, and filtered through the machine. Blood is then cycled back to your body after it is cleared. A person receiving this type of dialysis has to visit a treatment center several times a week, with 1 session lasting up to 4 hours.
Undergoing regular hemodialysis is a big responsibility but you will be assisted by your healthcare specialist. In some cases, this method may be done in your own home. Changes to your diet, constant medication, and a strict treatment schedule will also be needed.
Peritoneal Dialysis makes use of the peritoneal membrane lining your abdomen. This type allows filtering to take place inside your body.
A small cut will be made near your belly button where a thin tube called a catheter will be inserted and left there permanently. This will be used during the treatment, when fluid is pumped into your peritoneal cavity. As blood passes through the vessels in the cavity, it will be rid of wastes and excess fluids, which will flow into the fluid that was pumped in.