In the post-uterus transplant, the woman receives immunosuppressant medications, which lower their immune system. This step is crucial as it helps prevent organ rejection.
After her recovery, the medical team implants a single embryo into the transplanted uterus. Usually, this step takes place after 6 to 12 months, depending on the woman’s overall condition and the transplanted uterus’s health status.
Once the woman gets pregnant, the medical team will closely monitor her and the baby until she delivers via Caesarean-section (usually at 37th to 39th week).
Reminders on Uterine Transplant:
The policies may vary depending on where the woman gets the procedure. For instance, in the University of Pennsylvania, the participant can have 2 childbirths.
Afterwards, they will remove the uterus (hysterectomy) and stop the immunosuppressive drugs.
Is It Worth The Risk?
Some doctors do not recommend uterine transplantation because of its potential physical and emotional health risks.
Physically, organ transplantation can lead to blood loss, infection, organ rejection, and the development of adverse reactions from immunosuppressants.
Secondly, doctors almost always advise hysterectomy after 1 to 2 pregnancies. This is because experts do not recommend long-term intake of anti-rejection drugs for a non-life-threatening condition.