BCAMD is a rare hereditary disease. A child of a person affected with Bull’s eye maculopathy has a 50 percent chance of developing the disease too.
Patients affected with BCAMD manifest partial color blindness, night blindness, or and blurring of vision.
Stargardt Disease, also known as juvenile macular degeneration, is a hereditary disease that usually develops in children, teenagers, and young adults. This disease progresses slowly, speeds up, and then levels off.
In the early stages of Stargardt disease, patients might experience difficulty in seeing in dim light. Difficulty in adapting from light to dark or dark to light surroundings as well as difficulty in reading are also symptoms of stargardt disease.
The cells that give us our color vision known as cones are densely clustered around the macula. Cone dystrophy is a hereditary condition that stops the cones from working, causing loss of color vision and gradual loss of sight.
Symptoms of cone dystrophy include discomfort to bright light, loss of detailed vision, and difficulty distinguishing colors. Some patients also develop nystagmus or uncontrolled eye movements.
Punctate inner choroidopathy
Punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC) is a rare disease related to the immune system causing inflammation at the back of the eye. Abnormal blood vessels grow through the inflamed parts of the back of the eye causing loss of central vision.
Symptoms of PIC include blurred patches in the vision, flashes of light, and floaters. People with PIC also experience distortion in the things that they see.
Maculopathy signs and symptoms depend on what causes them but most if not all types of maculopathy exhibit distortion and blurring of vision, especially in central vision.
There is no cure to maculopathy but most of the conditions have treatment that can help in mitigating its effects on one’s vision. Maculopathy develops overtime so most of the treatment and medication are geared towards slowing down its progression.
Genetics plays a huge role in developing maculopathy signs and symptoms, which makes it difficult to prevent. Living a healthy lifestyle, practicing good eye care, and getting regular eye check-ups for early detection can significantly slow down the progression of this disease.
Maculopathy is a disease affecting the central part of the retina. There are many forms of maculopathy.
Common maculopathy signs and symptoms include blank or grey spots and blurring in the central vision, difficulty in seeing colors or poor contrast sensitivity, sensitivity to bright light, and distortion.
Maculopathy is not curable and is difficult to prevent but its progression can be slowed down with treatment, medication, and by living a healthy lifestyle.