Symptoms of myopic maculopathy are similar to other types of macular degeneration. Symptoms may include:
- Gradual loss of vision
- Trouble seeing shades of colors
- Seeing blank or grey spots in the central visual field
Bull’s Eye Maculopathy
Bull’s Eye Maculopathy (BCAMD) also known as benign concentric annular macular dystrophy (BCAMD) is characterized by a ring of pale-looking damage around a darker area of the macula. These circular bands differ in shades of pink and orange.
BCAMD is a rare hereditary disease. A child of a person affected with Bull’s eye maculopathy has a 50 percent chance of developing the disease too.
Patients affected with BCAMD manifest partial color blindness, night blindness, or and blurring of vision.
Stargardt Disease, also known as juvenile macular degeneration, is a hereditary disease that usually develops in children, teenagers, and young adults. This disease progresses slowly, speeds up, and then levels off.
In the early stages of Stargardt disease, patients might experience difficulty in seeing in dim light. Difficulty in adapting from light to dark or dark to light surroundings as well as difficulty in reading are also symptoms of stargardt disease.
The cells that give us our color vision known as cones are densely clustered around the macula. Cone dystrophy is a hereditary condition that stops the cones from working, causing loss of color vision and gradual loss of sight.
Symptoms of cone dystrophy include discomfort to bright light, loss of detailed vision, and difficulty distinguishing colors. Some patients also develop nystagmus or uncontrolled eye movements.
Punctate inner choroidopathy
Punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC) is a rare disease related to the immune system causing inflammation at the back of the eye. Abnormal blood vessels grow through the inflamed parts of the back of the eye causing loss of central vision.