How the Eyes Work
The first step in understanding the anatomy of the human eye is to first learn how the eyes work.
Our eyes function like cameras that process the light reflected off surfaces in order to create images that we can see and understand ourselves. The iris is like an aperture that controls the amount of light that enters the eye. This is exhibited when the light entering our eyes is too bright or strong, our iris reduces pupil size, and the opposite happens when it is dark.
Taking a closer look at how the eyes work, we can observe the following, when trying to understand the anatomy of the human eye:
- Light travels through the cornea, which is the foremost and clear layer of the eye. It is shaped like a dome and serves to bend wavelengths of light in order for the eye to focus.
- A fraction of this light is able to enter the eye and passes through an opening known as the pupil. The iris, which is the part of the eye one may distinguish as colored, focuses on controlling how much light passes through the pupil, by way of lessening the pupil size, or by dilation.
- Once this happens, the light then travels through a clear inner part of the eye, which is called the lens.
- Subsequently, the light eventually comes in contact with the retina, which is the layer of tissue located at the back of the eye that is sensitive to light. Photoreceptors, which are special cells, convert the received light into electrical signals.
- These signals that have been converted by photoreceptors are finally brought to the brain from the retina by way of the optic nerve. The brain in turn converts the signals into images we can process and see.
Understanding the Anatomy of the Human Eye
Understanding the anatomy of the human eye may be accomplished more easily by separating the core structures from the accessory structures.