These are the four common types of cataracts.
This affects the nucleus, which is located in the central region of the lens and may initially cause nearsightedness or a temporary change in your reading vision. But over time, your lens will turn thickly yellow and you will experience hardening and cloudiness in your vision.
Unlike nuclear cataracts, this starts on the peripheral or the outer edge of the lens that produces whitish streaks or wedge-shaped opacities or usually known as cortical spokes. Slowly, it stretches to the center that can block or impair someone’s vision.
Posterior subcapsular cataracts
The cataracts form behind the lens and progress faster than other cataract types. Oftentimes, it interrupts a person’s reading vision, minimizes the vision in bright light, and causes halos around lights during night time.
There are several people with cataracts that they got since birth and it’s called congenital cataracts. It can be genetic or connected with intrauterine infection. Although this condition doesn’t always affect someone’s vision, if it does, cataracts should be removed as soon as possible after detection.
As of today, there are still no studies that prove how a person can prevent cataracts. But here are some helpful ways of how you can reduce your risk factors and maintain your eye health.
Have a regular doctor visit
Even if you have clear and healthy eyes, routine visits will help your doctor assess the signs of cataracts and other vision disorders at their earlier stages.
Maintain a diet rich in essential nutrients
Having a diet that is abundant with vitamins and minerals such as beta-carotene, selenium, and vitamin E is linked with reducing your risk of developing cataracts.
Research shows that when a person smokes, it doubles his risks of developing cataracts and it continues to increase based on how bad his smoking habit is.
Protect your eyes from UV rays
A study from John Hopkins in 2014 showed that persistent exposure to sunlight increases one’s risk of cataracts. When you are spending outside for a long period of time, take a broad-brimmed hat and sunglasses with you to block ultraviolet rays from the sun.
Always check your diabetes condition
It is found that having diabetes has greater chances of developing cataracts. That is why keeping your diabetes under control by maintaining healthy blood sugar is crucial for your overall eye health.