Types of nose injuries
Nose bleeds (epistaxis) are common in both adults and children. Because the blood vessels in the nose and nasal cavity are thin, they can easily be broken.
In children, nose bleeds are usually due to physical or traumatic injuries. Even an act as simple as nose picking can cause bleeding. Small children are often curious and may place objects into their mouths and nose. This can cause bleeding or, in extreme cases, suffocation. Never leave your child unattended while they are playing with small toys or eating. If you suspect a foreign object is inside your child’s nose or throat, contact emergency health services right away.
Other factors for nose bleeds include warm and dry weather, high elevation, certain medications, and infection. In adults, workplace exposure to chemicals, aspirin use, and rhinitis are common factors for nose bleeds. Typically, a nose bleed can be relieved by packing the nose with a tissue or cotton and applying pressure. A cold compress can be used to constrict the blood vessels and lessen bleeding.
If you experience frequent or heavy nose bleeds, consult your doctor or an ENT specialist for further observation and diagnosis.