Ventolin®

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Published on 14/08/2020 . 5 mins read
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Uses

What is Ventolin® used for?

Ventolin® (salbutamol) is a type of drug known as a bronchodilator. Salbutamol works by binding to β2 adrenergic receptors on the smooth muscles that line the airways, allowing them to relax and let more air into the lungs. It works quickly and for a short duration, which makes it one of the drugs of choice for asthma in adults and children.

Ventolin® is used to treat the following:

  • Bronchial asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Emphysema

How should I take Ventolin®?

Ventolin® is available as an oral tablet, syrup, nebule, and inhaler. The oral tablet should be taken by mouth without chewing or crushing. It should be taken on an empty stomach, at least one hour before meals or two hours after meals.

The syrup should be measured using the included medical-grade measuring cup. Do not use a regular household spoon, as this may not measure the correct dose.

The inhaler should be shaken well before each use. Breathe deeply and slowly after administering a puff of the inhaler. Hold your breath for about 10 seconds then exhale fully. Always cover the mouthpiece when not in use and store it pointing down. Wash the inhaler at least once a week to avoid contamination.

The nebule should be used with a nebulizer. Do not drink the solution orally. Follow the directions for setting up the nebulizer and filling the medicine cup. Be sure to place the mouthpiece securely around your nose and mouth and take deep breaths until the medication is used up completely.

How do I store Ventolin®?

This drug should be stored at room temperature (20-25°C) and be protected from light and moisture. Do not freeze this product. Always check the label before using this product. For safety, keep out of the reach of children and pets.

Do not use if the printed expiration date has passed, the product seal has been broken, or the product has changed in color, odor, or consistency.

Do not dispose of this product by pouring it down the drain, toilet, or into the environment. Ask your pharmacist regarding the proper way and location of disposal.

Precautions & Warnings

What should I know before using Ventolin®?

Before using this medication, inform your doctor if:

  • You have ever had an allergic reaction to Ventolin or other brands of salbutamol.
  • You have a history of allergy to other medications, food, or other substances.
  • You are taking other medications, especially beta-blockers.
  • You have underlying health conditions.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies using salbutamol in pregnant women. However, animal studies show little to no risk to the fetus. Salbutamol may prolong labor when taken at higher doses. This drug should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus, as determined by your doctor.

This drug may be excreted in breast milk. This drug should be used while breastfeeding only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the child, as determined by your doctor.

Side Effects

What side effects can occur when using Ventolin®?

All drugs have the potential to elicit side effects even with normal use. Many side effects are dose-related and will resolve when it is adjusted or at the end of therapy.

Potential side effects while using this drug include:

  • Throat irritation
  • Increased risk of viral infection
  • Upper respiratory inflammation
  • Cough
  • Muscle pain
  • Hypokalemia
  • Changes in blood sugar levels
  • Headache
  • Tremor
  • Tachycardia

Life-threatening adverse reactions:

  • Paradoxical bronchospasm
    • Discontinue Ventolin® immediately

You may experience some, none, or other side effects not mentioned above. If you experience serious adverse reactions, you must stop taking the drug immediately. If you have any concerns about a side effect or it becomes bothersome, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with Ventolin®?

This drug may interact with other medications. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist.

Known drugs and their interactions with medication include:

  • Beta-blockers
    • May counteract the effects of salbutamol and cause severe bronchospasms
  • Non-potassium-sparing diuretics
    • May cause hypokalemia
  • Digoxin
    • May decrease digoxin levels in the blood
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
    • May increase the effects of salbutamol
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
    • May increase the effects of salbutamol

If you experience an adverse drug interaction, stop taking this drug and continue taking your other medication. Inform your doctor immediately to reevaluate your treatment plan. Your dose may need to be adjusted, substituted with another drug, or discontinue using the drug.

Does food or alcohol interact with Ventolin®?

There are no known food interactions with Ventolin®. However, it is best to take this medication on an empty stomach for optimal absorption. Alcohol does not have any known interactions with Ventolin®.

Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have any concerns regarding food-drug interactions.

What health conditions may interact with Ventolin®?

This drug should be taken with caution if you have any of the following conditions or risk factors:

  • Heart disease
  • Thyrotoxicosis
  • Diabetes mellitus

Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have any concerns regarding specific health conditions.

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist before using Ventolin®.

What is the dose of Ventolin® for an adult?

For relief of acute bronchospasms

  • Metered-dose inhaler: Actuate 100 to 200 mcg.
  • Rotacap with Rotahaler: Actuate 200 to 400 mcg.
  • Syrup: Take 10 mL three to four times per day, gradually increasing the dose to 20 mL if needed.
  • Tablet: Take 4 mg, gradually increasing the dose to 8 mg if needed.

For the prevention of exercise-induced or allergen-induced bronchospasm

  • Metered-dose inhaler: Actuate 100 to 200 mcg before exposure or activity.
  • Rotacap with Rotahaler: Actuate 200 to 400 mcg before exposure or activity.

For chronic therapy

  • Metered-dose inhaler: Up to 200 mcg four times per day.
  • Nebule: Initially 2.5 mg by wet inhalation and may be increased to 5 mg and may be repeated four times per day.

For severe airway obstruction

  • Nebule: Administer 40 mg per day with strict medical supervision.

What is the dose of Ventolin® for a child?

For relief of acute bronchospasms

  • Metered-dose inhaler: Actuate 100 mcg.
  • Rotacap with Rotahaler: Actuate 200 mcg.
  • Syrup:
    • 12 years and above: Give 5 to 10 mL three to four times per day.
    • 6 to 12 years: Give 5 mL three to four times per day.
    • 2 to 6 years: Give 2.5 to 5 mL three to four times per day.
  • Tablet:
    • 12 years and above: Give 2 to 4 mg.
    • 6 to 12 years: Give 2 mg.
    • 2 to 6 years: Give 1 to 2 mg.

For the prevention of exercise-induced or allergen-induced bronchospasm

  • Metered-dose inhaler: Actuate 100 mcg before exposure or activity. May be increased to 200 mcg if necessary.
  • Rotacap with Rotahaler: Actuate 200 mcg before exposure or activity.

For chronic therapy

  • Metered-dose inhaler: Up to 200 mcg four times per day.
  • Nebule: Initially 2.5 mg by wet inhalation and may be increased to 5 mg and may be repeated four times per day.

How is Ventolin® available?

This drug is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Ventolin® MDI 100 mcg/inhalation
  • Ventolin® Rotacap 200 mcg
  • Ventolin® syrup 2 mg/5 mL
  • Ventolin® tablet 2 mg
  • Ventolin® nebule 2.5 mg/2.5 mL

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of this drug, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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