Using creams or suppositories
If a change in diet is not enough to deal with hemorrhoids, there are over-the-counter creams available. These creams are designed to reduce pain, swelling, and itchiness in persons who have hemorrhoids. However, one limitation to these creams is that they’re useful for external hemorrhoids only.
For internal hemorrhoids, suppositories can help with relieving some of the symptoms. A suppository is a type of medication, usually in a round or bullet shape, that is inserted into the anus. Suppositories can help with relieving swelling, pain, and discomfort in people with internal hemorrhoids.
However, over-the-counter medication is usually ideal for mild symptoms. For people with severe hemorrhoid pain, other forms of treatment might be required.
Rubber band ligation
Rubber band ligation is a form of treatment wherein very small rubber bands are used to tie off the hemorrhoids. This is usually done on smaller internal hemorrhoids.
The rubber bands used essentially cut off blood supply to the hemorrhoid, causing it to shrink and fall off within a few days. The band and the hemorrhoid are usually passed along with your stool.
For larger hemorrhoids, the procedure might need to be repeated, to make sure that all of the hemorrhoids are dealt with. One advantage of this method over surgery is that patients recover from it quicker and also experience less pain.
Hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure wherein the excess hemorrhoidal tissues are removed. This is usually recommended if you continue to develop symptoms from hemorrhoids despite changes in diet, sitz baths or after rubber band ligation. After the surgery, patients usually feel pain in their anus.
It’s possible for sitting and passing stool to also be painful. This is why painkillers are usually prescribed after undergoing this surgery.
It is best to consult your physician to figure out if you need to undergo surgery for your hemorrhoidal disease.
Learn more about Digestive Health here.