Regular or long-acting insulin should generally be taken 15 to 30 minutes before a meal. The insulin lispro known by its brand name Humalog, works very quickly. That should generally be taken less than 15 minutes before you eat. The delivery is timed with meals to effectively process the glucose entering your system.
Your doctor will determine the frequency of injection. Most diabetics need at least two shots a day. Some need three or four shots to maintain good blood sugar control. A patient’s personal health care team can help find a routine that keeps their blood sugar near normal. That will help them feel good and fit into their lifestyle.
For Type 1 Diabetes
Usually, patients with Type 1 diabetes starts with 4 injections per day to cover for both basal and prandial coverages. They generally progress to three to four injections per day of different types of the hormone.
For Type 2 Diabetes
For Type 2 diabetes patients, they may have one or more injections a day, with or without oral diabetes medications, depending on the type of Insulin that has been prescribed, and on the level of diabetes control. Insulin should be tailored to the patient’s eating habits, economical means, local availability of the said insulin and preference as well.
The type and dosage of insulin used should be consistent. To ensure this, the patient’s diabetes care team should periodically review the patient’s injection technique. They also need to know the relationship of blood sugar levels to exercise, food intake, illnesses, certain medications, and stress.
Concerns Over Injection
Research published in 2008 had 100 patients with type 2 diabetes as subjects. That study saw 33% of subjects unwilling to take it. Their concerns centered around hypoglycemia, permanent need for therapy, less flexibility, and feelings of failure. Less than 40% of the subjects had a fear of self-injection or thought they were painful.
In the end, whether willing to take insulin or afraid of it, a patient needs to consult with their doctor. It’s up to the doctor to determine any increase in dosage, but the cooperation of the patient is essential.
The use of insulin plays a critical part in the way diabetics maintain regular lives. Knowing when to take it is important to normalize their blood sugar levels throughout the day. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetics have shown receptiveness to insulin use. While different types of insulin may be mixed and dosage may increase, consultation with your doctor is best before making any change.
For more on diabetes, click here.
Share your thoughts
Be the first to let Hello Doctor know your thoughts!
Join Us or Log In to join the discussion