The most common treatment for TCC of the kidneys is surgery to remove the affected kidney, ureter, and bladder cuff.
TCC of the Ureters
The transitional cell carcinoma of the ureters accounts for 1 out of every 25 cases of upper urinary tract tumors. Reports say that it is curable in 90% of patients so long as the cancer is confined to the pelvis or ureters.
TCC of the Bladder
Transitional carcinoma of the bladder, also called urothelial carcinoma, is the most common type of bladder cancer. However, its symptoms are indistinguishable from the symptoms of the other types of bladder cancer. Signs and symptoms include blood in the urine (hematuria), frequent urination, painful urination, and sometimes, even back pain.
Note that a person may have TCC in two or more organs at the same time, considering these structures are close to one another.
Transitional Cell Carcinoma Treatment
The standard treatment involves a surgery called nephroureterectomy. This operation removes the entire kidney, the ureters, and the bladder cuff (tissues connecting the bladder to the ureters).
If only a part of the ureter is affected, the doctor may recommend the segmental resection of the ureter, which removes only the part of the ureter that has cancer and some healthy parts attached to the affected area. The surgeon then reattaches the ends of the ureters.