How Hormone Therapy Works
Some tumors (or cancer cells) make use of the body’s hormones to foster and develop. This indicates that the malignancy can be hormone-sensitive or dependent on hormones.
Hormonal therapy medications are used to decrease or slow the progression of advanced-stage or metastatic hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer. However, this does not work best for all other cancer types.
Below are a few of the hormone-sensitive types of cancer:
- breast cancer
- prostate cancer
- ovarian cancer
- womb cancer (otherwise called uterine or endometrial cancer)
The doctor may consider a different type of hormone therapy depending on what risk factors may affect the patient.
In some cases, hormone therapy combines with other treatments in order to:
- Reduce the size of a tumor before undergoing surgery or radiation therapy. This is known as the neoadjuvant therapy.
- Reduce the likelihood that cancer may recur following primary treatment. This is known as the adjuvant therapy.
- Destroy the cancer cells that have returned or spread to other places of your body.
Mode of Administration
There are different ways how hormone therapy is given to a patient. It can be through oral pill medications, injectables, or even through surgical procedures in order to remove the organs that produce the particular hormones.