What are the types of Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
There are two types of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which is identified through the kind of cells you have developed, and their behavior. Your treatment plan will be entirely based on this.
Classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma
This is the most common type of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, accounting for 95% of cases. Those who fall under this category have one thing in common: the presence of large, abnormal cells called Reed-Sternberg cells in their lymph nodes.
Nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin’s lymphoma
This type makes up 5% of all Hodgkin’s lymphoma cases. People who are diagnosed with this are found to have large cells called “popcorn cells” because of their appearance. This often develops in the lymph nodes found in the neck, groin, and armpit.
Moreover, this type has better prognosis, which results in a higher chance of recovery. This is also common among younger people.
How is Hodgkin’s lymphoma diagnosed?
First, a routine physical exam and review of your medical history will be done to rule in or rule out Hodgkin’s lymphoma or other diseases.
The following tests may also be done:
- Imaging tests, such as CT scans or X-rays
- Lymph node biopsy
- Blood tests
- Bone marrow biopsy
- Immunophenotyping to determine the type of lymphocytes present
Once the type of Hodgkin’s lymphoma has been determined, your doctor will know which stage your disease is currently at.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma has four general stages:
- Stage 1. The cancer is found in only one lymph node region, or body area.
- Stage 2. The cancer can be found in two lymph node regions, or has spread to a nearby organ.
- Stage 3. The cancer has moved both above and below the diaphragm, or in an organ opposite your diaphragm.
- Stage 4. The cancer has spread beyond your lymph nodes, and to other parts of the body, such as the lungs and liver.
Getting an accurate diagnosis and staging are key to a more effective treatment plan.
How is Hodgkin’s lymphoma treated?
Overall, no treatment plan is the same. It will depend on how far your cancer has progressed, and what type of cells you have.
But as in any type of cancer, Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be treated by chemotherapy. There are instances, however, where the patient may also be required to undergo radiotherapy, as well as steroid medications.
Apart from the biopsy during diagnosis, surgery may not be necessary.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a kind of blood cancer, wherein the white blood cells grow out of control. The main cause for this kind of cancer has not yet been determined. However, advances in diagnosis and treatment have paved the way for Hodgkin’s lymphoma patients to fully recover from the disease.
If you notice any of the Hodgkin’s lymphoma symptoms, it is important that you visit a doctor immediately for early detection and treatment. Getting the proper diagnosis will be key in designing the perfect treatment plan for you.
Learn more about Other Cancers here.
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