Hodgkin lymphoma is common among young adults, ages 15 to 35, and those over 55. Although Hodgkin’s lymphoma’s main cause is not known, advances in diagnosis and treatment have made it possible for patients to fully recover.
What are the signs and symptoms of Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
The first tell-tale sign of Hodgkin’s lymphoma is the swelling of the lymph nodes, causing a lump to form under the skin. The most common locations where these lumps may form include the side of the neck, in the armpits, and under the groin.
You should also look out for the following symptoms:
- Night sweats
- Itchy skin
- Sudden weight loss
- Chest pain or persistent cough
- Increased sensitivity to alcohol
Make sure to check in with your doctor once you experience these symptoms to get an accurate diagnosis.
What causes Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
While the Hodgkin’s lymphoma cause hasn’t been accurately identified yet, there are several possible sources.
Some associate Hodgkin’s lymphoma with the Epsetein-Barr virus, which also causes infectious mononucleosis or mono. Studies show that the genome of the virus was found in at least 40% of Hodgkin’s lymphoma cases.
Some also argue that Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be hereditary. You are at high risk of getting the disease if a first-degree relative has had lymphoma.
Whatever the cause may be, all experts agree that this type of blood cancer begins when a lymphocyte develops a genetic mutation.
What are the types of Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
There are two types of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which is identified through the kind of cells you have developed, and their behavior. Your treatment plan will be entirely based on this.