Allergic reactions can range from a mild inconvenience to a potentially life-threatening allergy attack. In the case of the latter, it’s important for people to be aware of what to do when it comes to first aid for allergy attack.
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It is especially important to know what to do in case of an allergy attack as this information can potentially save lives.
Before anything, it is important to stay calm and never panic during an emergency. Staying calm can help you remember the things that you need to do, and allows you to assist someone in need to the best of your abilities.
But how do you know if someone’s having a serious allergy attack or anaphylaxis? Here are some things to remember:
If you’ve determined that someone is indeed having an allergy attack, here’s what you need to do:
The first thing you need to do would be to call emergency services. In the Philippines, the number for emergencies is 911. If there’s a hospital nearby and you know their emergency number, you can call them for help as well.
It is very important to do this as soon as possible, because the sooner that help can arrive, the sooner the patient can be stabilized and assisted.
Next, if the person is conscious, ask them to lie down, and then elevate their legs. By doing this, you’re lowering the risk that they experience a sudden drop in blood pressure, which can be very dangerous.
Raising the legs also ensures that blood flows to the important organs of the body.
In case the person is vomiting, turn them on their side instead. The reason for this is that so they don’t accidentally choke on their vomit. This also helps if the person is bleeding from their mouth.
It’s also a good idea to make sure that they’re breathing normally, and that nothing is obstructing their airways.
If the person suddenly stops breathing or shows no sign of movement, perform CPR immediately.
Here are the steps to perform CPR:
While even untrained persons can perform CPR, it would be best to undergo CPR training if you can. This helps ensure that you know exactly what to do, and you’ll also learn how to perform CPR properly.
It’s also important to stay with the person until help arrives. It’s also a good idea to talk to the paramedics, and inform them about what caused the allergy, and what time the severe allergy started.
One of the biggest problems for persons with allergies in the Philippines is the lack of availability of epinephrine auto-injectors. These are devices that persons with allergies use in case they suddenly experience anaphylactic shock.
It’s especially important for people to be aware of what to do in case someone has a severe allergic reaction. Until auto-injectors become more available, it’s up to us to do our best and help out in case someone experiences anaphylactic shock.
Learn more about Allergies here.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Allergic reactions emergency first aid – Better Health Channel, https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/allergic-reactions-emergency-first-aid, Accessed February 23, 2021
Anaphylaxis: First aid – Mayo Clinic, https://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-anaphylaxis/basics/art-20056608, Accessed February 23, 2021
First aid for someone having a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis), https://www.redcross.org.uk/first-aid/learn-first-aid/allergic-reaction, Accessed February 23, 2021
Severe Allergic Reaction – Symptoms & Treatment | St John Ambulance, https://www.sja.org.uk/get-advice/first-aid-advice/severe-allergic-reaction/, Accessed February 23, 2021
First Aid for Anaphylaxis – Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA), https://www.allergy.org.au/hp/anaphylaxis/first-aid-for-anaphylaxis, Accessed February 23, 2021
St John guide to first aid for allergic reactions, https://www.stjohn.org.nz/first-aid/first-aid-library/allergic-reaction/, Accessed February 23, 2021