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Debunking Myths and Exploring Uterine Fibroid Facts

Debunking Myths and Exploring Uterine Fibroid Facts

Fibroids are uterine tumors involving muscles of the uterus that affect a wide majority of women of reproductive age. So it’s important to know uterine fibroid facts and myths to know how to intervene.

Also referred to as myomas, fibroids are usually benign or non-cancerous tumors. In most cases, the condition is asymptomatic, that is, the symptoms do not manifest themselves and cannot be seen or felt. But in certain cases, they can grow into the cavity of the uterus, leading to complications in pregnancy and increasing the chances of a miscarriage.

In turn, cancerous tumors occur only in rare cases and seldom are life-threatening. Very rarely, the fibroid may rupture, requiring emergency medical attention. In this article, we will talk about more such uterine fibroid facts and separating them from myths.

Uterine Fibroid Facts and Myths

There are several myths revolving around uterine fibroids. Knowing the types, symptoms, and debunking the uterine fibroid myths is important to prevent or manage the condition.

But first, it helps to be familiar with its types. This benign tumor of the uterus can be classified into the following three sub-categories based on their location of growth:

Subserosal fibroids

In this case, the uterine tumor develops outside the uterus.

Intramural fibroids

Here, the tumor grows inside the muscle of the uterus.

Submucosal fibroids

The tumour grows into the cavity of the uterus.

While this condition may remain asymptomatic for many, some women may develop certain symptoms.

The most prominent symptoms of this medical condition are as below:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Anemia due to excessive menstrual bleeding
  • Painful cramps
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Constipation
  • Pelvic pressure
  • Enlarged uterus by about 10 times the normal size, in case of a large tumorous growth – a symptom known as ‘bulk symptoms’, making the patient feel that she might be pregnant.

The only cause behind this medical condition is believed to be a genetic history. No lifestyle habits are yet to be considered as a risk factor for this uterine condition.

Myths and Uterine Fibroid Facts

Now that you have a fair idea about the types, symptoms, and causes of fibroids in the uterus, let’s start discussing the uterine fibroid facts to combat some of the most common myths surrounding this medical condition.

Myth: Uterine fibroids are cancerous or can become cancerous.

Fact: On the list of uterine fibroid facts is that they are benign tumours and often remain so. This condition is not linked to cancer of the uterus. It can be painful and have other signs that adversely affect lifestyle. However, they generally do not become life-threatening.

Myth: Fibroids of the uterus need to be surgically removed.

Fact: Invasive surgical treatments like open surgery are usually not required to treat uterine fibroids. The benign growth can be treated through medications, or at the most, minimally invasive non-surgical procedures may be used.

uterine fibroid facts

Myth: The only treatment available is hysterectomy.

Fact: Medical science has come a long way since the times when hysterectomy was the only available treatment option. Now, there are several minimally invasive procedures like uterine fibroid embolisation (UFE), which are often considered to be better alternatives.

UFE enables women to avoid having their uterus removed and also ensures quick recovery. It blocks the blood flow to the fibroids, making them shrink and disappear. This is one of the uterine fibroid facts that may surprise those living with a myoma for a long time.

Myth: The uterine condition causes infertility.

Fact: Contrary to popular opinion that closely connects all fibroids of the uterus to infertility, the same cannot be said about every case.

One of the most important uterine fibroids facts to remember is that there is a wide range of factors that determine the ability to conceive and have a healthy pregnancy till the end of the term.

In case of fertility problems, treatments often help. Women with asymptomatic conditions of uterine fibroids usually do not experience fertility issues.

Myth: Heavy menstrual bleeding indicates uterine fibroids.

Fact: Heavy menstrual bleeding is definitely one of the symptoms of this uterine disorder, but it is one of the many symptoms of fibroids. This symptom can imply many other conditions.

What’s more, this is one of the most important uterine fibroid facts: not all women experience symptoms, including cases when the fibroid is large in size. Even when the growth is large, not always does it cause excessive menstrual bleeding.

Thus, it is clear that heavy menstrual bleeding does not always mean there are uterine fibroids. Fibroids of the uterus can be diagnosed only through medical tests prescribed by a doctor.

Myth: The medical condition only affects women between 30 and 50 years of age.

Fact: Fibroids of the uterus can affect women across ages, right from the 20s to 50s. African-American women of this age group are more susceptible to the risk of developing this uterine condition than other races around the world. The risk of developing this condition usually reduces after menopause as the levels of estrogen get reduced.

Myth: The medical condition is always cured once treated.

Fact: Uterine fibroids can be treated, but not cured. This means that the non-malignant tumour can be removed and prevented from growing further. However, this does not imply that the condition will not recur after its removal. Once you have been diagnosed with this condition, you have to visit your doctor at regular intervals or as advised by him/her.

This will enable your doctor to keep a close track of the condition and treat it immediately if it recurs. In case of recurrence of uterine fibroids, a different course of treatment may have to be followed. However, minimally invasive procedures are now able to prevent uterine fibroids from recurring.

Myth: Fibroids always grow if left untreated.

Fact: The size of fibroids vary amongst patients. In some cases, it is small and never grows beyond a certain size even when not treated. This is one of the factors that explain why some fibroids are never diagnosed.

In other instances, they may grow large enough for patients to feel that they are pregnant.

Myth: The uterine fibroids disappear after menopause.

Fact: All uterine fibroids do not disappear after menopause. In some women, new growths may appear when patients undergo hormone replacement therapy. Here too, minimally invasive procedures help in shrinking the fibroid.

Myth: Medications are enough to make fibroids shrink.

Fact: Medications may be effective in certain cases but not all fibroids can be treated effectively with it. Progesterone-based shots and pills control heavy menstrual bleeding caused due to the uterine condition.

Some other medications may help in making the growth shrink over a span of time. However, these drugs prove to be effective only when they are taken continuously. This means that patients will most likely have to take these throughout their lives. Once they stop taking it, there is a risk that the fibroid may recur.

Some of these medications are also accompanied by negative side effects. As a result, minimally invasive procedures and surgical interventions are largely favored over medications as effective treatment options.

Do you have more uterine fibroid facts or myths to add to this list? You can share them with us in the comments!

Learn more about uterine fibroids here.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


4 Myths About Uterine Fibroids

https://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/discussion/mayo-clinic-minute-4-myths-about-fibroids/ Accessed September 21, 2021

Uterine Fibroids: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9130-uterine-fibroids Accessed September 21, 2021

What you should know about fibroids https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/what-you-should-know-about-fibroids Accessed September 21, 2021

Uterine Fibroids: Q&A With An Expert https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/uterine-fibroids-qa-with-an-expert Accessed September 21, 2021

Malignant Transformation of Myoma: Myth or Reality?

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16504815/ Accessed September 21, 2021

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Written by Nikita Bhalla Updated Sep 21, 2021
Fact Checked by Bianchi Mendoza, R.N.